Filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)
Registration No. 333-255716

 

This preliminary prospectus supplement relates to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, but the information in this preliminary prospectus supplement is not complete and may be changed. This preliminary prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are not an offer to sell and are not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Subject to Completion Dated June 8, 2022

 

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT
(to Prospectus dated July 21, 2021)

 

$                 

 

Horizon Technology Finance Corporation

% Notes due 2027

 

 

 

We are a non-diversified closed-end management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “1940 Act”). We are externally managed by Horizon Technology Finance Management LLC, a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the “Advisers Act”). Our investment objective is to maximize our investment portfolio’s total return by generating current income from the debt investments in technology, life science, healthcare information and services and sustainability industries.

 

We are offering $        in aggregate principal amount of     % notes due 2027 (the “Notes”). The Notes will mature on               , 2027. We will pay interest on the Notes on               ,              ,              and            of each year, beginning on            , 2022. We may redeem the Notes in whole or in part at any time or from time to time on or after            , 2024 at our sole option at $25. Holders of the Notes will not have the option to have the Notes repaid prior to the stated maturity. The Notes will be issued in minimum denominations of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof.

 

The Notes will be our direct unsecured obligations and rank equal in right of payment with all outstanding and future unsecured, unsubordinated indebtedness issued by us. Because the Notes will not be secured by any of our assets, they will be effectively subordinated to all of our existing and future secured indebtedness (or any indebtedness that is initially unsecured as to which we subsequently grant a security interest) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness. The Notes will be structurally subordinated to all existing and future indebtedness and other obligations of any of our subsidiaries because the Notes will be obligations exclusively of Horizon Technology Finance Corporation and not of any of our subsidiaries.

 

We intend to list the Notes on The New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) and we expect trading in the Notes on the NYSE to begin within 30 days of the original issue date. The Notes are expected to trade “flat,” which means that purchasers will not pay, and sellers will not receive, any accrued and unpaid interest on the Notes that is not reflected in the trading price. Currently, there is no public market for the Notes.

 

The underwriters may also purchase up to an additional $      aggregate principal amount of Notes offered hereby, within 30 days of the date of this prospectus supplement, to cover overallotments. If the underwriters exercise this overallotment option in full, the total aggregate proceeds to us, before deducting expenses payable by us, will be $     .

 

 

 

Investing in our securities is highly speculative and involves a high degree of risk, and you could lose your entire investment if any of the risks occur. Before buying any Notes, you should read the material risks described in the “Supplementary Risk Factors” section beginning on page S-9 of this prospectus supplement and “Risk Factors” beginning on page 11 of the accompanying prospectus and in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as any of our subsequent SEC filings. The individual securities in which we invest will not be rated by any rating agency. If they were, they would be rated as below investment grade or “junk.” Indebtedness of below investment grade quality has predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal.

 

 

 

 

This prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, any free writing prospectus, and the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus contain important information you should know before investing in the Notes, including information about risks. Please read these documents before you invest and retain them for future reference. Additional information about us, including our annual, quarterly and current reports and proxy statements, has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and can be accessed free of charge at its website at www.sec.gov. We maintain a website at www.horizontechfinance.com and make all of the foregoing information available, free of charge, on or through our website. This information is also available free of charge by contacting us at 312 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, Connecticut 06032, Attention: Investor Relations, or by calling us collect at (860) 676-8654. The SEC also maintains a website at http://www.sec.gov that contains such information.

 

Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus, and you should not consider information contained on our website to be part of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus.

 

Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

 

The underwriters are offering the Notes as set forth in “Underwriting.” Delivery of the Notes in book-entry form through The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) will be made on or about            , 2022.

 

Joint Book-Running Managers

 

Keefe, Bruyette & Woods  B. Riley Securities  Oppenheimer & Co.
               A Stifel Company      

 

Co-Managers

 

Janney Montgomery Scott  Maxim Group LLC

 

 

 

The date of this prospectus supplement is June         , 2022.

 

 

 

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

 

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, any free writing prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, or any other information which we have referred you. Neither we nor the underwriters have authorized any other person to provide you with different information from that contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and in any free writing prospectus. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. This prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, or any free writing prospectus do not constitute an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, any shares of our common stock by any person in any jurisdiction where it is unlawful for that person to make such an offer or solicitation or to any person in any jurisdiction to whom it is unlawful to make such an offer or solicitation. The information contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, and any free writing prospectus is complete and accurate only as of their respective dates, regardless of the time of their delivery or sale of our common stock. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date.

 

This document is in two parts. The first part is this prospectus supplement, which describes the terms of this offering and the Notes and also adds to and updates information contained in the accompanying prospectus. The second part is the accompanying prospectus, which gives more general information and disclosure. To the extent the information contained in this prospectus supplement differs from the information contained in the accompanying prospectus, the information in this prospectus supplement shall control. You should read this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus together with the additional information described under the heading, “Available Information” before investing in the Notes.

 

ii

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Prospectus Supplement

 

  Page
Prospectus Supplement Summary S-1
The Offering S-6
Supplementary Risk Factors S-9
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements S-13
Use of Proceeds S-15
Capitalization S-16
Description of the Notes S-17
Material United States Federal Income Tax Consequences S-27
Underwriting S-32
Legal Matters S-35
Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm S-35
Available Information S-35
Incorporation by Reference S-35

 

Prospectus

 

  Page
About this Prospectus ii
Prospectus Summary 1
Offerings 6
Fees and Expenses 8
Selected Consolidated Financial and Other Data 10
Risk Factors 11
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements 12
Use of Proceeds 13
Price Range of Common Stock and Distributions 14
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 16
Senior Securities 17
Business 18
Portfolio Companies 19
Management 24
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions 25
Our Advisor 26
Investment Management and Administration Agreements 27
Control Persons and Principal Stockholders 28
Determination of Net Asset Value 29
Dividend Reinvestment Plan 31
Description of Our Securities 33
Description of Common Stock That We May Issue 34
Description of Preferred Stock That We May Issue 39
Description of Subscription Rights That We May Issue 40
Description of Debt Securities That We May Issue 41
Description of Warrants That We May Issue 51
Regulation 52
Brokerage Allocations and Other Practices 53
Plan of Distribution 54
Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations 56
Custodian, Transfer Agent, Dividend Paying Agent and Registrar 64
Legal Matters 64
Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 64
Incorporation by Reference 64
Available Information 65

 

 

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT SUMMARY

 

The following summary highlights some of the information included elsewhere, or incorporated by reference, in this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus. It is not complete and may not contain all the information that you may want to consider before making any investment decision regarding the Notes offered hereby. To understand the terms of the Notes offered hereby before making any investment decision, you should carefully read this entire prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, including the documents incorporated by reference herein or therein, and any free writing prospectus related to the offering of Notes, including “Supplementary Risk Factors,” “Risk Factors,” “Available Information,” “Incorporation by Reference,” and “Use of Proceeds” and the financial statements contained elsewhere or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. Together, these documents describe the specific terms of the Notes we are offering.

 

In this Prospectus Supplement, except where the context suggests otherwise, the terms:

 

  “we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company” and “Horizon Technology Finance” refer to Horizon Technology Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries;

 

  The “Advisor” and the “Administrator” refer to Horizon Technology Finance Management LLC, a Delaware limited liability company;

 

  “Key” refers to KeyBank National Association and “Key Facility” refers to the revolving credit facility with Key;

 

  “NYL Noteholders” refers to several entities owned or affiliated with New York Life Insurance Company and  “NYL Facility” refers to the credit facility where the notes are issued to the NYL Noteholders;

 

  “Credit Facilities” refers to collectively the Key Facility and the NYL Facility;

 

  “2026 Notes” or “Debt Securities” refers to the $57.5 million aggregate principal amount of our 4.875% unsecured notes due 2026, which were issued by us in March 2021;

 

  “2019-1 Securitization” refers to the $160.0 million securitization of secured loans we completed on August 13, 2019; and

 

  “Asset-Backed Notes” refers to $100.0 million in aggregate principal amount of fixed rate asset-backed notes that were issued in conjunction with the 2019-1 Securitization.

 

Our company

 

We are a specialty finance company that lends to and invests in development-stage companies in the technology, life science, healthcare information and services and sustainability industries, which we refer to as our “Target Industries.” Our investment objective is to maximize our investment portfolio’s total return by generating current income from the debt investments we make and capital appreciation from the warrants we receive when making such debt investments. We are focused on making secured debt investments, which we refer to as “Venture Loans,” to venture capital and private equity backed companies and publicly traded companies in our Target Industries, which we refer to as “Venture Lending.” Our debt investments are typically secured by first liens or first liens behind a secured revolving line of credit, or collectively, “Senior Term Loans.” Some of our debt investments may also be subordinated to term debt provided by third parties. Venture Lending is typically characterized by (1) the making of a secured debt investment after a venture capital or equity investment in the portfolio company has been made, which investment provides a source of cash to fund the portfolio company’s debt service obligations under the Venture Loan, (2) the senior priority of the Venture Loan which requires repayment of the Venture Loan prior to the equity investors realizing a return on their capital, (3) the amortization of the Venture Loan and (4) the lender’s receipt of warrants or other success fees with the making of the Venture Loan.

 

We are an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company, or BDC, under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the 1940 Act. In addition, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we have elected to be treated as a regulated investment company, or RIC, under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. As a BDC, we are required to comply with regulatory requirements, including limitations on our use of debt. We are permitted to, and expect to, finance our investments through borrowings subject to a 150% asset coverage agreement. As defined in the 1940 Act, asset coverage of 150% means that for every $100 of net assets a BDC holds, it may raise up to $200 from borrowing and issuing senior securities. The amount of leverage that we may employ will depend on our assessment of market conditions and other factors at the time of any proposed borrowing. As a RIC, we generally are not subject to pay corporate-level income taxes on our investment company taxable income, determined without regard to any deductions for dividends paid, and our net capital gain that we distribute as dividends for U.S. federal income tax purposes to our stockholders as long as we meet certain source-of-income, distribution, asset diversification and other requirements.

 

S-1

 

 

We are externally managed and advised by our Advisor. Our Advisor manages our day-to-day operations and also provides all administrative services necessary for us to operate.

 

Our advisor

 

Our investment activities are managed by our Advisor, and we expect to continue to benefit from our Advisor’s ability to identify attractive investment opportunities, conduct diligence on and value prospective investments, negotiate investments and manage our portfolio of investments. In addition to the experience gained from the years that they have worked together both at our Advisor and prior to the formation of our Advisor, the members of our investment team have broad lending backgrounds, with substantial experience at a variety of commercial finance companies, technology banks and private debt funds, and have developed a broad network of contacts within the venture capital and private equity community. This network of contacts provides a principal source of investment opportunities.

 

Our Advisor is led by six senior managers including Robert D. Pomeroy, Jr., our Chief Executive Officer, Gerald A. Michaud, our President, Daniel R. Trolio, our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, John C. Bombara, our Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer, Daniel S. Devorsetz, our Executive Vice President and Chief Investment Officer and Diane Earle, our Senior Vice President and Chief Credit Officer.

 

Our strategy

 

Our investment objective is to maximize our investment portfolio’s total return by generating current income from the loans we make and capital appreciation from the warrants we receive when making such loans. To further implement our business strategy, we expect our Advisor to continue to employ the following core strategies:

 

 

Structured investments in the venture capital and private and public equity markets. We make loans to development-stage companies within our Target Industries typically in the form of secured loans. The secured debt structure provides a lower risk strategy, as compared to equity or unsecured debt investments, to participate in the emerging technology markets because the debt structures we typically utilize provide collateral against the downside risk of loss, provide return of capital in a much shorter timeframe through current-pay interest and amortization of principal and have a senior position to equity in the borrower’s capital structure in the case of insolvency, wind down or bankruptcy. Unlike venture capital and private equity investments, our investment returns and return of our capital do not require equity investment exits such as mergers and acquisitions or initial public offerings. Instead, we receive returns on our debt investments primarily through regularly scheduled payments of principal and interest and, if necessary, liquidation of the collateral supporting the debt investment upon a default. Only the potential gains from warrants depend upon equity investment exits.

 

 

“Enterprise value” lending. We and our Advisor take an enterprise value approach to structuring and underwriting loans. Enterprise value includes the implied valuation based upon recent equity capital invested as well as the intrinsic value of the applicable portfolio company’s particular technology, service or customer base. We secure our position against the enterprise value of each portfolio company through a lien on all of the assets of the portfolio company or through a lien on all assets of the portfolio company except its intellectual property, with a prohibition on any other party taking a lien on such intellectual property.

 

S-2

 

 

 

Creative products with attractive risk-adjusted pricing. Each of our existing and prospective portfolio companies has its own unique funding needs for the capital provided from the proceeds of our Venture Loans. These funding needs include funds for additional development “runways”, funds to hire or retain sales staff or funds to invest in research and development in order to reach important technical milestones in advance of raising additional equity. Our loans include current-pay interest, commitment fees, end-of-term payments, or ETPs, pre-payment fees, success fees and non-utilization fees. We believe we have developed pricing tools, structuring techniques and valuation metrics that satisfy our portfolio companies’ financing requirements while mitigating risk and maximizing returns on our investments.

 

 

Opportunity for enhanced returns. To enhance our debt investment portfolio returns, in addition to interest and fees, we frequently obtain warrants to purchase the equity of our portfolio companies as additional consideration for making debt investments. The warrants we obtain generally include a “cashless exercise” provision to allow us to exercise these rights without requiring us to make any additional cash investment. Obtaining warrants in our portfolio companies has allowed us to participate in the equity appreciation of our portfolio companies, which we expect will enable us to generate additional returns for our investors.

 

  Direct origination. We originate transactions directly with technology, life science, healthcare information and services and sustainability companies. These transactions are referred to our Advisor from a number of sources, including referrals from, or direct solicitation of, venture capital and private equity firms, portfolio company management teams, legal firms, accounting firms, investment banks, portfolio company advisors and other lenders that represent companies within our Target Industries. Our Advisor has been the sole or lead originator in substantially all transactions in which the funds it manages have invested.

 

 

Disciplined and balanced underwriting and portfolio management. We use a disciplined underwriting process that includes obtaining information validation from multiple sources, extensive knowledge of our Target Industries, comparable industry valuation metrics and sophisticated financial analysis related to development-stage companies. Our Advisor’s due diligence on investment prospects includes obtaining and evaluating information on the prospective portfolio company’s technology, market opportunity, management team, fund raising history, investor support, valuation considerations, financial condition and projections. We seek to balance our investment portfolio to reduce the risk of down market cycles associated with any particular industry or sector, development-stage or geographic area by quarterly reviewing each criteria and, in the event there is an overconcentration, seeking investment opportunities to reduce such overconcentration. Our Advisor employs a “hands on” approach to portfolio management, requiring private portfolio companies to provide monthly financial information and to participate in regular updates on performance and future plans. For public companies, our Advisor typically relies on publicly reported quarterly financials.

 

  Use of leverage. We use leverage to increase returns on equity through our Credit Facilities, through our 2026 Notes and through our 2019-1 Securitization. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and capital resources” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information about our use of leverage. In addition, we may issue additional debt securities or preferred stock in one or more series in the future.

 

Market opportunity

 

We focus our investments primarily in our Target Industries. The technology sectors we focus on include communications, networking, data storage, software, cloud computing, semiconductor, internet and media and consumer-related technologies. The life science sectors we focus on include biotechnology, drug discovery, drug delivery, bioinformatics and medical devices. The healthcare information and services sectors we focus on include diagnostics, electronic medical record services and software and other healthcare related services and technologies that improve efficiency and quality of administered healthcare. The sustainability sectors we focus on include alternative energy, power management, energy efficiency, green building materials and waste recycling. We refer to all of these companies as “technology-related” companies because the companies are developing or offering goods and services to businesses and consumers which utilize scientific knowledge, including techniques, skills, methods, devices and processes, to solve problems. We intend, under normal market conditions, to invest at least 80% of the value of our total assets in such companies.

 

S-3

 

 

We believe that Venture Lending has the potential to achieve enhanced returns that are attractive notwithstanding the high degree of risk associated with lending to development-stage companies. Potential benefits include:

 

  interest rates that typically exceed rates that would be available to portfolio companies if they could borrow in traditional commercial financing transactions;

 

  the debt investment support provided by cash proceeds from equity capital invested by venture capital and private equity firms or access to public equity markets to access capital;

 

  amortization of principal;

 

  senior ranking to equity and collateralization of debt investments to minimize potential loss of capital; and
     
  potential equity appreciation through warrants.

 

We believe that Venture Lending also provides an attractive financing source for portfolio companies, their management teams and their equity capital investors, as it:

 

  is typically less dilutive to the equity holders than additional equity financing;

 

  extends the time period during which a portfolio company can operate before seeking additional equity capital or pursuing a sale transaction or other liquidity event; and

 

  allows portfolio companies to better match cash sources with uses.

 

Competitive strengths

 

We believe that we, together with our Advisor, possess significant competitive strengths, which include the following:

 

  Consistently execute commitments and close transactions. Our Advisor and its senior management and investment professionals have an extensive track record of originating, underwriting and managing Venture Loans. Our Advisor and its predecessor have directly originated, underwritten and managed Venture Loans with an aggregate original principal amount over $2.6 billion to more than 295 companies since operations commenced in 2004.

 

  Robust direct origination capabilities. Our Advisor has significant experience originating Venture Loans in our Target Industries. This experience has given our Advisor a deep knowledge of our Target Industries and an extensive base of transaction sources and references.

 

  Highly experienced and cohesive management team. Most of our Advisor’s senior management team of experienced professionals has been together since our inception. This consistency allows companies, their management teams and their investors to rely on consistent and predictable service, loan products and terms and underwriting standards.

 

  Relationships with venture capital and private equity investors. Our Advisor has developed strong relationships with venture capital and private equity firms and their partners.

 

  Well-known brand name. Our Advisor has originated Venture Loans to more than 295 companies in our Target Industries under the “Horizon Technology Finance” brand.

 

Our portfolio

 

From the commencement of operations of Compass Horizon on March 4, 2008 through March 31, 2022, we funded 231 portfolio companies and invested $1.8 billion in debt investments. As of March 31, 2022, our debt investment portfolio consisted of 50 debt investments with an aggregate fair value of approximately $492.2 million. As of March 31, 2022, 91.2%, or $448.9 million, of our debt investment portfolio at fair value consisted of Senior Term Loans. As of March 31, 2022, 22.4%, or $100.3 million, of our total debt investment portfolio at fair value was held through our 2019-1 Securitization. As of March 31, 2022, our net assets were $279.9 million, and all of our debt investments were secured by all or a portion of the tangible and intangible assets of the applicable portfolio company. The debt investments in our portfolio are generally not rated by any rating agency. If the individual debt investments in our portfolio were rated, they would be rated below “investment grade”. Debt investments that are unrated or rated below investment grade are sometimes referred to as “junk bonds” and have predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal.

 

S-4

 

 

For the quarter ended March 31, 2022, our dollar-weighted annualized yield on average debt investments was 12.4%. We calculate the dollar-weighted yield on average debt investments for any period as (1) total investment income during the period divided by (2) the average of the fair value of debt investments outstanding on (a) the last day of the calendar month immediately preceding the first day of the period and (b) the last day of each calendar month during the period. The dollar-weighted annualized yield on average debt investments is higher than what investors will realize because it does not reflect our expenses or any sales load paid by investors.

 

For the quarter ended March 31, 2022, our investment portfolio had an overall total yield of 11.8%. We calculate the dollar-weighted yield on average investments for any period as (1) total investment income during the period divided by (2) the average of the fair value of investments outstanding on (a) the last day of the calendar month immediately preceding the first day of the period and (b) the last day of each calendar month during the period. The dollar-weighted annualized yield on average investments is higher than what investors will realize because it does not reflect our expenses or any sales load paid by investors.

 

As of March 31, 2022, our debt investments had a dollar-weighted average term of 48 months from inception and a dollar-weighted average remaining term of 37 months. As of March 31, 2022, substantially all of our debt investments had an original committed principal amount of between $3 million and $28 million, repayment terms of between 15 and 60 months and bore current pay interest at annual interest rates of between 8% and 13%.

 

In addition to our debt investments, as of March 31, 2022, we held warrants to purchase stock, predominantly preferred stock, in 81 portfolio companies, equity positions in three portfolio companies and success fee arrangements in two portfolio companies.

 

Company information

 

Our administrative and executive offices and those of our Advisor are located at 312 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, Connecticut 06032, and our telephone number is (860) 676-8654. Our corporate website is located at www.horizontechfinance.com. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus, and you should not consider information contained on our website to be part of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus.

 

S-5

 

 

THE OFFERING

 

This prospectus supplement sets forth certain terms of the Notes that we are offering pursuant to this prospectus supplement and supplements the accompanying prospectus that is attached to the back of this prospectus supplement. This section outlines the specific legal and financial terms of the Notes. You should read this section together with the section titled “Description of the Notes” and the more general description of our debt securities in the accompanying prospectus under the heading “Description of Our Debt Securities” before investing in the Notes.

 

Issuer   Horizon Technology Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation

 

Title of the securities          % Notes due 2027

 

Initial aggregate principal amount being offered

  $
     
Overallotment Option   The underwriters may also purchase from us up to an additional $     aggregate principal amount of Notes to cover overallotments, if any, within 30 days of the date of this prospectus supplement.

 

Listing   We intend to list the Notes on the NYSE within 30 days of the original issue date.

 

Interest rate            % per year

 

Stated maturity date                      , 2027, unless redeemed prior to maturity.

 

Interest payment dates   Each          ,              ,           , and           , commencing           , 2022. If an interest payment date falls on a non-business day, the applicable interest payment will be made on the next business day and no additional interest will accrue as a result of such delayed payment.

 

Ranking of Notes   The Notes will be our direct unsecured obligations and will rank:

 

    pari passu with our current and future unsecured, unsubordinated indebtedness, including the 2026 Notes (which we intend to redeem with the proceeds from this offering);

 

    senior to any of our future indebtedness that expressly provides it is subordinated to the Notes;

 

    effectively subordinated to all of our existing and future secured indebtedness (including indebtedness that is initially unsecured to which we subsequently grant security), to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness, including debt outstanding under our Credit Facilities and our Asset-Backed Notes; and
     
    structurally subordinated to all existing and future indebtedness and other obligations of any of our subsidiaries, financing vehicles or similar facilities, including debt outstanding under our Credit Facilities and our Asset-Backed Notes.

 

S-6

 

 

   

As of March 31, 2022, our total consolidated indebtedness was approximately $252.9 million, $195.4 million of which was secured, and $195.4 million of which was indebtedness of our subsidiaries. After giving effect to the issuance of the Notes, assuming no repayment of amounts owed under our Credit Facilities and our Asset-Backed Notes, our total indebtedness would have been approximately $      aggregate principal amount outstanding as of March 31, 2022.

 

Denominations   We will issue the Notes in denominations of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof.

 

Use of Proceeds   We estimate that the net proceeds from the sale of the Notes in this offering will be approximately $     (or approximately $     if the underwriters fully exercise their overallotment option), after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses. We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering to repay indebtedness (which may include the Key Facility) and for our general corporate purposes. See the “Use of Proceeds” section of this prospectus supplement. 

 

Optional redemption   The Notes may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at our option on or after            , 2024, upon not less than 30 days nor more than 60 days written notice by mail prior to the date fixed for redemption thereof, at a redemption price of $25 per Note plus accrued and unpaid interest payments otherwise payable for the then-current quarterly interest period accrued to but not including the date fixed for redemption.

 

Repayment at option of Holders   Holders will not have the option to have the Notes repaid prior to the stated maturity date.

 

Governing Law   New York

 

Trustee, Paying Agent, Registrar and Transfer Agent   U.S. Bank Trust Company, National Association

 

Other covenants  

In addition to any covenants described elsewhere in this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus, the following covenants will apply to the Notes:

 

•   We agree that for the period of time during which the Notes are outstanding, we will not violate Section 18(a)(1)(A) as modified by such provisions of Section 61(a) of the 1940 Act as may be applicable to us from time to time or any successor provisions, whether or not we continue to be subject to such provisions of the 1940 Act. As of this prospectus supplement, these provisions generally prohibit us from incurring additional borrowings, including through the issuance of additional debt securities, unless our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, equals at least 150% after such borrowings. See “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business and Structure—Regulations governing our operations as a BDC affect our ability to and the way in which we raise additional capital” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

S-7

 

 

    •   We agree that for the period of time during which the Notes are outstanding, we will not violate, whether or not we are subject thereto, Section 18(a)(1)(B) as modified by Section 61(a) of the 1940 Act as may be applicable to us from time to time or any successor provisions. As of the date of this prospectus supplement, these provisions generally prohibit us from declaring any cash dividend or distribution upon any class of our capital stock, or purchasing any such capital stock if our asset coverage were below 150% at the time of the declaration of the dividend or distribution or the purchase and after deducting the amount of such dividend, distribution, or purchase. Under the covenant, we will be permitted to declare a cash dividend or distribution notwithstanding the prohibition contained in Section 18(a)(1)(B) as modified by such provisions of Section 61(a) of the 1940 Act as may be applicable to us from time to time or any successor provisions, but only up to such amount as is necessary for us to maintain our status as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. Furthermore, the covenant will permit us to continue paying dividends or distributions and will not be triggered unless and until such time as our asset coverage (as defined in the 1940 Act, except to the extent modified by this covenant) has not been in compliance with the minimum asset coverage required by Section 18(a)(1)(B) as modified by such provisions of Section 61(a) of the 1940 Act as may be applicable to us from time to time or any successor provisions for more than six consecutive months. For the purposes of determining “asset coverage” as used above, any and all indebtedness of the Company, including any outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facilities and any successor or additional credit facility, shall be deemed a senior security of us. See “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business and Structure—Regulations governing our operations as a BDC affect our ability to, and the way in which, we raise additional capital, which may expose us to risks.” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
     
    See the “Description of the Notes” section of this prospectus supplement for certain other covenants applicable to the Notes.

 

Risk factors   See “Supplementary Risk Factors” section in this prospectus supplement and “Risk Factors” in the accompanying prospectus and in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of risks you should carefully consider before deciding to invest in the Notes.

 

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SUPPLEMENTARY RISK FACTORS

 

Investing in the Notes involves a number of significant risks. You should carefully consider the risks described below, together with all of the risks and uncertainties described in the section titled “Risk Factors” in the accompanying prospectus, our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as in subsequent filings with the SEC, which are or will be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus in their entirety, and other information in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, and any free writing prospectus that we may authorize for use in connection with this offering. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us, or not presently deemed material by us, may also impair our operations and performance. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. If that happens, our net asset value and the trading price of our securities could decline and you may lose all or part of your investment. Please also read carefully the section titled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this prospectus supplement.

 

The Notes will be unsecured and therefore will be effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness we have currently incurred or may incur in the future.

 

The Notes will not be secured by any of our assets or any of the assets of our subsidiaries. As a result, the Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness we or our subsidiaries have currently incurred or may incur in the future (or any indebtedness that is initially unsecured to which we subsequently grant security) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness. In any liquidation, dissolution, bankruptcy or other similar proceeding, the holders of any of our existing or future secured indebtedness and the secured indebtedness of our subsidiaries may assert rights against the assets pledged to secure that indebtedness in order to receive full payment of their indebtedness before the assets may be used to pay other creditors, including the holders of the Notes. As of March 31, 2022, our total consolidated indebtedness was approximately $252.9 million, $195.4 million of which was secured, and $195.4 million of which was indebtedness of our subsidiaries.

 

The Notes will be structurally subordinated to the indebtedness and other liabilities of our subsidiaries.

 

The Notes are obligations exclusively of Horizon Technology Finance Corporation, and not of any of our subsidiaries. None of our subsidiaries is a guarantor of the Notes, and the Notes are not required to be guaranteed by any subsidiaries we may acquire or create in the future. The assets of such subsidiaries are not directly available to satisfy the claims of our creditors, including the holders of the Notes. As of March 31, 2022, approximately $195.4 million of the indebtedness required to be consolidated on our balance sheet was held through subsidiary financing vehicles and secured by certain assets of such subsidiaries.

 

Except to the extent we are a creditor with recognized claims against our subsidiaries, all claims of creditors (including trade creditors) and holders of preferred stock, if any, of our subsidiaries have priority over our equity interests in such subsidiaries (and therefore the claims of our creditors, including holders of the Notes) with respect to the assets of such subsidiaries. Even if we are recognized as a creditor of one or more of our subsidiaries, our claims are effectively subordinated to any security interests in the assets of any such subsidiary and to any indebtedness or other liabilities of any such subsidiary senior to our claims. Consequently, the Notes will be structurally subordinated to all indebtedness and other liabilities (including trade payables) of any of our subsidiaries and any subsidiaries that we may in the future acquire or establish as financing vehicles or otherwise.

 

In addition, our subsidiaries may incur substantial additional indebtedness in the future, all of which would be structurally senior to the Notes.

 

The indenture under which the Notes will be issued contains limited protection for holders of the Notes.

 

The indenture under which the Notes will be issued offers limited protection to holders of the Notes. The terms of the indenture and the Notes do not restrict our or any of our subsidiaries’ ability to engage in, or otherwise be a party to, a variety of corporate transactions, circumstances or events that could have a material adverse impact on investments in the Notes. In particular, the terms of the indenture and the Notes will not place any restrictions on our or our subsidiaries’ ability to:

 

S-9

 

 

  issue securities or otherwise incur additional indebtedness or other obligations, including (1) any indebtedness or other obligations that would be equal in right of payment to the Notes, (2) any indebtedness or other obligations that would be secured and therefore rank effectively senior in right of payment to the Notes to the extent of the values of the assets securing such debt, (3) indebtedness of ours that is guaranteed by one or more of our subsidiaries and which therefore is structurally senior to the Notes and (4) securities, indebtedness or obligations issued or incurred by our subsidiaries that would be senior to our equity interests in our subsidiaries and therefore rank structurally senior to the Notes with respect to the assets of our subsidiaries, in each case other than an incurrence of indebtedness or other obligation that would cause a violation of Section 18(a)(1)(A) of the 1940 Act as modified by Section 61(a)(1) and (2) of the 1940 Act or any successor provisions, as such obligations may be amended or superseded, giving effect to any exemptive relief granted to us by the SEC;

 

  pay dividends on, or purchase or redeem or make any payments in respect of capital stock or other securities ranking junior in right of payment to the Notes, including subordinated indebtedness, in each case other than dividends, purchases, redemptions or payments that would cause a violation of Section 18(a)(1)(B) of the 1940 Act as modified by Section 61(a)(2) and the definitional provisions of the 1940 Act or any successor provisions giving effect to any exemptive relief granted to us by the SEC (these provisions generally prohibit us from declaring any cash dividend or distribution upon any class of our capital stock, or purchasing any such capital stock unless our asset coverage, as defined for purposes of Section 18(a)(1)(B) the 1940 Act, equals at least 150% at the time of the declaration of the dividend or distribution or the purchase and after deducting the amount of such dividend, distribution or purchase), unless the payment of such dividend is necessary to maintain our status as a RIC under subchapter M of the code;

 

  sell assets (other than certain limited restrictions on our ability to consolidate, merge or sell all or substantially all of our assets);

 

  enter into transactions with affiliates;

 

  create liens (including liens on the shares of our subsidiaries) or enter into sale and leaseback transactions;

 

  make investments; or

 

  create restrictions on the payment of dividends or other amounts to us from our subsidiaries.

 

In addition, the indenture does not require us to offer to purchase the Notes in connection with a change of control or any other event. Furthermore, the terms of the indenture and the Notes do not protect holders of the Notes in the event that we experience changes (including significant adverse changes) in our financial condition, results of operations or credit ratings, as they do not require that we or our subsidiaries adhere to any financial tests or ratios or specified levels of net worth, revenues, income, cash flow, or liquidity.

 

Our ability to recapitalize, incur additional debt and take a number of other actions that are not limited by the terms of the Notes may have important consequences for holders of the Notes, including making it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to the Notes or negatively affecting the trading value of the Notes.

 

Certain of our current debt instruments include more protections for their holders than the indenture and the Notes. See “Risk Factors — If we are unable to comply with the covenants or restrictions in our Credit Facilities or make payments when due thereunder, our business could be materially adversely affected” in the accompanying prospectus. In addition, other debt we issue or incur in the future could contain more protections for its holders than the indenture and the Notes, including additional covenants and events of default. The issuance or incurrence of any such debt with incremental protections could affect the market for and trading levels and prices of the Notes.

 

An active trading market for the Notes may not exist, which could limit a holder’s ability to sell the Notes or affect the market price of the Notes. Moreover, if the the Notes are no longer rated, the Notes may be subject to greater price volatility than rated notes and particularly similar securities with an investment grade rating.

 

The Notes are a new issue of debt securities for which there currently is no trading market. We intend to list the Notes on the NYSE within 30 days of the original issue date. Although we expect the Notes to be listed on the NYSE, we cannot provide any assurances that we will successfully list the Notes, that an active trading market will develop for the Notes or that you will be able to sell your Notes. If the Notes are traded after their initial issuance, they may trade at a discount from their initial offering price depending on prevailing interest rates, the market for similar securities, our credit ratings, the time remaining to the maturity of the Notes, the outstanding principal amount of debt securities with terms identical to the Notes, the supply of debt securities trading in the secondary market, if any, the redemption or repayment features, if any, of the Notes, general economic conditions, our financial condition, performance, prospects and other factors. If the Notes are no longer rated, this could impact their trading and subject them to greater price volatility. To the extent they are rated and received a non-investment grade rating, their price and trading activity could be negatively impacted. Moreover, if a rating agency assigns the Notes a non-investment grade rating, the Notes may be subject to greater price volatility than securities of similar maturity without such a non-investment grade rating. Certain of the underwriters have advised us that they intend to make a market in the Notes, but they are not obligated to do so. Such underwriters may discontinue any market-making in the Notes at any time at their sole discretion. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that a liquid trading market will develop for the Notes, that you will be able to sell your Notes at a particular time or that the price you receive when you sell will be favorable. To the extent an active trading market does not develop, the liquidity and trading price for the Notes may be harmed. Accordingly, you may be required to bear the financial risk of an investment in the Notes for an indefinite period of time.

 

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The optional redemption provision may materially adversely affect your return on the Notes.

 

The Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at any time or from time to time on or after           , 2024 at our sole option at $25. We may choose to redeem the Notes at times when prevailing interest rates are lower than the interest rate paid on the Notes. In this circumstance, you may not be able to reinvest the redemption proceeds in a comparable security at an effective interest rate as high as the Notes being redeemed.

 

If we default on our obligations to pay our other indebtedness, we may not be able to make payments on the Notes.

 

Any default under the agreements governing our indebtedness, including a default under either of the Credit Facilities or other indebtedness to which we may be a party that is not waived by the required lenders or holders thereunder, and the remedies sought by the holders of such indebtedness could make us unable to pay principal, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes and substantially decrease the market value of the Notes. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow and are otherwise unable to obtain funds necessary to meet required payments of principal, premium, if any, and interest on our indebtedness, or if we otherwise fail to comply with the various covenants, including financial and operating covenants, in the instruments governing our indebtedness, we could be in default under the terms of the agreements governing such indebtedness. In the event of such default, the holders of such indebtedness could elect to declare all the funds borrowed thereunder to be due and payable, together with accrued and unpaid interest, the lenders under either of the Credit Facilities or other debt we may incur in the future could elect to terminate their commitments, cease making further loans and institute foreclosure proceedings against our assets, and we could be forced into bankruptcy or liquidation. If our operating performance declines, we may in the future need to seek to obtain waivers from the required lenders under either of the Credit Facilities or other debt that we may incur in the future to avoid being in default. If we breach our covenants under either of the Credit Facilities or other debt and seek a waiver, we may not be able to obtain a waiver from the required lenders or holders. If this occurs, we would be in default and our lenders or debt holders could exercise their rights as described above, and we could be forced into bankruptcy or liquidation. If we are unable to repay debt, lenders having secured obligations, including the lenders under either of the Credit Facilities, could proceed against the collateral securing the debt. Because both the Credit Facilities have, and any future credit facilities will likely have, customary cross-default provisions, if the indebtedness thereunder or under any future credit facility is accelerated, we may be unable to repay or finance the amounts due.

 

Our shares of common stock have traded at a discount from net asset value and may do so in the future, which could limit our ability to raise additional equity capital.

 

Shares of closed-end investment companies frequently trade at a market price that is less than the net asset value that is attributable to those shares. This characteristic of closed-end investment companies is separate and distinct from the risk that our net asset value per share may decline. It is not possible to predict whether shares of our common stock will trade at, above or below net asset value. In addition, in recent periods, the shares of BDCs as an industry traded below net asset value. When our common stock is trading below its net asset value per share, we will generally not be able to issue additional shares of our common stock at its market price without first obtaining approval for such issuance from our stockholders and our independent directors. We do not have stockholder approval to sell shares of our common stock at a price below our net asset value per share.

 

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FATCA withholding may apply to payments to certain foreign entities.

 

Payments made under the Notes to a foreign financial institution, or “FFI,” or non-financial foreign entity, or “NFFE” (including such an institution or entity acting as an intermediary), may be subject to a U.S. withholding tax of 30% under U.S. Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act provisions of the Code (commonly referred to as “FATCA”). This withholding tax may apply to payments of interest on the Notes as well unless the FFI or NFFE complies with certain information reporting, withholding, identification, certification and related requirements imposed by FATCA. Depending upon the status of a holder and the status of an intermediary through which any Notes are held, the holder could be subject to this 30% withholding tax in respect of any interest paid or deemed paid on the Notes. You should consult your own tax advisors regarding FATCA and how it may affect your investment in the Notes. See “United States Federal Income Tax Consequences — Taxation of Note Holders — FATCA Withholding on Payments to Certain Foreign Entities” in this prospectus supplement for more information.

 

S-12

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes and other financial information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, and in any free writing prospectus relating to this offering of the Notes. In addition to historical information, the information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and in any free writing prospectus relating to this offering of the Notes may contain forward-looking information that involves risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated by such forward-looking information due to the factors described in the section titled “Supplementary Risk Factors” in this prospectus supplement and our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompany prospectus, or in any free writing prospectus relating to this offering and certain other factors noted throughout or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and in any free writing prospectus relating to this offering. The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us or are within our control. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements but advise you to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we may file in the future with the SEC, including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

 

The forward-looking statements included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, and in any free writing prospectus relating to this offering of common stock involve risks and uncertainties, including statements as to:

 

  our future operating results, including the performance of our existing debt investments, warrants and other investments;

 

  the introduction, withdrawal, success and timing of business initiatives and strategies;

 

  general economic and political trends and other external factors, including the current COVID-19 pandemic;

 

  the relative and absolute investment performance and operations of our Advisor;

 

  the impact of increased competition;

 

  the impact of investments we intend to make and future acquisitions and divestitures;

 

  the unfavorable resolution of legal proceedings;

 

  our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies, including our and their ability to achieve our respective objectives as a result of the current COVID-19 pandemic;

 

  the impact, extent and timing of technological changes and the adequacy of intellectual property protection;

 

  our regulatory structure and tax status;

 

  our ability to qualify and maintain qualification as a RIC and as a BDC;

 

  the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital;

 

  the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies;

 

  the impact of interest rate volatility on our results, particularly if we use leverage as part of our investment strategy;

 

  the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;


S-13

 

 

  the impact of legislative and regulatory actions and reforms and regulatory, supervisory or enforcement actions of government agencies relating to us or our Advisor;

 

  our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

 

  our ability to access capital and any future financings by us;

 

  the ability of our Advisor to attract and retain highly talented professionals; and

 

  the impact of changes to tax legislation and, generally, our tax position.

 

You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements because the matters they describe are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other unpredictable factors, many of which are beyond our control. In addition to other information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, please read carefully the sections titled “Business,” “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as the section entitled “Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements” in the accompanying prospectus, before making any investment in the Notes

 

This prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and other statements that we may make, may contain forward-looking statements with respect to future financial or business performance, strategies or expectations. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as “trend,” “opportunity,” “pipeline,” “believe,” “comfortable,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “current,” “intention,” “estimate,” “position,” “assume,” “plan,” “potential,” “project,” “outlook,” “continue,” “remain,” “maintain,” “sustain,” “seek,” “achieve” and similar expressions, or future or conditional verbs such as “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may” or similar expressions.

 

Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties, which change over time. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we assume no duty to and do not undertake to update forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements do not meet the safe harbor for forward-looking statements pursuant to Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, or Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking statements and future results could differ materially from historical performance. You should understand that, under Sections 27A(b)(2)(B) of the Securities Act and Section 21E(b)(2)(B) of the Exchange Act, the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 do not apply to statements made in connection with any offering of securities pursuant to this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus or in periodic reports we file under the Exchange Act.

 

S-14

 

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We estimate that net proceeds we will receive from the sale of the Notes in this offering will be approximately $     (or approximately $     if the underwriters fully exercise their overallotment option), based on the underwriters purchasing the Notes from us at     % of the aggregate principal amount and after deducting estimated offering expenses of approximately $      (including certain expenses of the underwriters that we will reimburse the underwriters for) payable by us.

 

We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering to repay indebtedness, which may include the Key Facility, and for the general corporate purposes of us and our subsidiaries. We entered in the Key Facility on November 4, 2013. The interest rate on borrowings under the Key Facility is based on the rate of interest published in The Wall Street Journal as the prime rate in the United States plus 0.25%, with a prime rate floor of 4.25%. The Key Facility requires the payment of an unused line fee in an amount up to 0.50% on an annualized basis of any unborrowed amount available under the facility. The Key Facility is scheduled to mature on June 22, 2026.

 

Pending such use, we may invest the net proceeds of this offering in cash, cash equivalents, U.S. Government securities and high-quality debt investments that mature in one year or less from the date of investment. The temporary investments described above may have lower yields than our other investments and accordingly, may result in lower distributions, if any, during such period. See “Regulation — Temporary Investments” in the accompanying prospectus for additional information about temporary investments we may make.

 

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CAPITALIZATION

 

The following table sets forth:

 

  our actual capitalization as of March 31, 2022; and

 

  our capitalization on an as-adjusted basis giving effect to the sale of $     aggregate principal amount of Notes in this offering purchased from us by the underwriters and after deducting estimated offering expenses of approximately $     payable by us.

 

This table should be read in conjunction with “Use of Proceeds” included in this prospectus supplement and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our most recent consolidated financial statements and notes thereto incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus.

 

Dollar amounts are presented in thousands, except share data.

 

    As of March 31, 2022  
    Actual    

As Adjusted for

this Offering

 
Assets                
Non-affiliate investments at fair value (cost of $511,607)   $ 515,009     $    
Non-controlled affiliate investments at fair value (cost of $1,400)     -          
Total investments at fair value (cost of $513,007)     515,009          
Cash     12,452          
Investments in money market funds     2,011          
Restricted investments in money market funds     1,515          
Interest receivable     8,305          
Other assets     2,252          
Total assets   $ 541,544     $    
                 
Liabilities                
Borrowings   $ 250,501     $    
Distributions payable     7,193          
Base management fee payable     785          
Incentive fee payable     1,424          
Other accrued expenses     1,652          
Total liabilities     261,555          
                 
Commitments and contingencies                
                 
Net assets                
Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, 1,000,000 shares authorized, zero shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022                 —  
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 24,144,602shares issued and 23,977,137 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2022     25          
Paid-in capital in excess of par     339,688          
Distributable earnings     (59,724 )        
Total net assets     279,989          
Total liabilities and net assets   $ 541,544     $    
Net asset value per common share   $ 11.68     $    

 

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DESCRIPTION OF THE NOTES

 

This prospectus supplement sets forth certain terms of the Notes that we are offering pursuant to this prospectus supplement. This description supplements, and to the extent inconsistent therewith, replaces the descriptions of the general terms and provisions contained in “Description of Debt Securities That We May Issue” in the accompanying prospectus.

 

The Notes will be issued under an indenture dated March 23, 2012, entered into between us and U.S. Bank Trust Company, National Association, as trustee, as supplemented by the fourth supplemental indenture to be dated as of the closing date, entered into between us and U.S. Bank Trust Company, National Association, as trustee. The terms of the Notes include those stated in the Indenture and those made a part of the Indenture by reference to the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended. As used in this section, all references to “Indenture” mean the indenture as supplemented by the second supplemental indenture, and all references to “we,” “our” and “us” mean Horizon Technology Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation, exclusive of our subsidiaries, unless we specify otherwise.

 

Because this section is a summary, it does not describe every aspect of the Notes and the Indenture. We urge you to read the Indenture because it, and not this description, defines your rights as a holder of Notes. For example, in this section, we use capitalized words to signify terms that are specifically defined in the Indenture. Some of the definitions are repeated in this prospectus supplement, but for the rest you will need to read the Indenture. You may obtain a copy of the Indenture from us without charge. See “Where You Can Find More Information” in the accompanying prospectus.

 

General

 

The Notes:

 

  will be issued in an initial principal amount of $                 ($           if the underwriters’ option to purchase Notes to cover overallotments, if any, is exercised in full);
  will mature on                      , 2027, unless redeemed prior to maturity;
  will be issued in denominations of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof;
  will be redeemable in whole or in part at any time or from time to time on and after               , 2024, at a redemption price of $25 per Note plus accrued and unpaid interest payments otherwise payable for the then-current quarterly interest period accrued to the date fixed for redemption as described under “— Redemption and Repayment” below; and
  are expected to be listed on NYSE within 30 days of the original issue date.

 

The Notes will be our direct unsecured obligations and will rank:

 

  pari passu with current and future unsecured unsubordinated indebtedness, including the 2026 Notes (which we intend to redeem with the proceeds of this offering);
  senior to any of our future indebtedness that expressly provides it is subordinated to the Notes;
  effectively subordinated to all of our existing and future secured indebtedness (including indebtedness that is initially unsecured to which we subsequently grant security), to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness, including debt outstanding under our Credit Facilities and our Asset-Backed Notes; and
  structurally subordinated to all existing and future indebtedness and other obligations of any of our subsidiaries, financing vehicles or similar facilities, including debt outstanding under our Credit Facilities and our Asset-Backed Notes.

 

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As of March 31, 2022, our total consolidated indebtedness was approximately $252.9 million, $195.4 million of which was secured, and $195.4 million of which was indebtedness of our subsidiaries. After giving effect to the issuance of the Notes, assuming no repayment of amounts owed under our Credit Facilities and our Asset-Backed Notes, our total indebtedness would have been approximately $                  aggregate principal amount outstanding as of March 31, 2022.

 

Our subsidiaries are separate and distinct legal entities and have no obligation, contingent or otherwise, to pay any amounts due on the Notes or to make any funds available for payment on the Notes, whether by dividends, loans or other payments. In addition, the payment of dividends and the making of loans and advances to us by our subsidiaries may be subject to statutory, contractual or other restrictions, may depend on the earnings or financial condition of all of the foregoing and are subject to various business considerations. As a result, we may be unable to gain significant, if any, access to the cash flow or assets of our subsidiaries.

 

The Indenture does not limit the amount of debt (secured and unsecured) that we and our subsidiaries may incur or our ability to pay dividends, sell assets, enter into transactions with affiliates or make investments. In addition, the Indenture does not contain any provisions that would necessarily protect holders of Notes if we become involved in a highly leveraged transaction, reorganization, merger or other similar transaction that adversely affects us or them.

 

The Notes will be issued in fully registered form only, without coupons, in minimum denominations of $25 and integral multiples thereof. The Notes will be represented by one or more global notes deposited with or on behalf of DTC, or a nominee thereof. Except as otherwise provided in the Indenture, the Notes will be registered in the name of that depositary or its nominee, and you will not receive certificates for the Notes. We will make payments on a global security in accordance with the applicable policies of the depositary as in effect from time to time. Under those policies, we will make payments directly to the depositary, or its nominee, and not to any indirect holders who own beneficial interests in the global security. An indirect holder’s right to those payments will be governed by the rules and practices of the depositary and its participants.

 

We are permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of indebtedness if our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, is at least equal to 150% immediately after each such issuance. In addition, while any indebtedness and senior securities remain outstanding, we must make provisions to prohibit the distribution to our stockholders or the repurchase of such securities or shares unless we meet the applicable asset coverage ratios at the time of the distribution or repurchase. Specifically, we may be precluded from declaring dividends or repurchasing shares of our common stock unless our asset coverage is at least 150%. We may also borrow amounts up to 5% of the value of our total assets for temporary or emergency purposes without regard to asset coverage. For a discussion of the risks associated with leverage, see “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Business and Structure — Regulations governing our operation as a BDC affect our ability to, and the way in which we, raise additional capital, which may expose us to additional risks” in the accompanying prospectus.

 

Interest Provisions Related to the Notes

 

Interest on the Notes will accrue at the rate of % per annum and will be payable quarterly on each            ,              ,              , and              commencing on             , 2022. The initial interest period will be the period from and including the original issue date to, but excluding, the initial interest payment date, and the subsequent interest periods will be the periods from and including an interest payment date to, but excluding, the next interest payment date or the stated maturity date, as the case may be. We will pay interest to those persons who were holders of record of such Notes on the first day of the month during which each interest payment date occurs: each            ,              ,              , and             , commencing             , 2022.

 

Interest on the Notes will accrue from the date of original issuance and will be computed on the basis of a 360-day year comprised of twelve 30-day months. We will not provide a sinking fund for the Notes.

 

Interest payments will be made only on a business day, defined in the Indenture as each Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday that is not a day on which banking institutions in New York City and Chicago are authorized or required by law or executive order to close. If any interest payment is due on a non-business day, we will make the payment on the next day that is a business day. Payments made on the next business day in this situation will be treated under the Indenture as if they were made on the original due date. Such payment will not result in a default under the Notes or the Indenture, and no interest will accrue on the payment amount from the original due date to the next day that is a business day.

 

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Book-entry and other indirect holders should consult their banks or brokers for information on how they will receive payments on their Notes.

 

The Notes may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at our option on or after               , 2024, upon not less than 30 days nor more than 60 days written notice by mail prior to the date fixed for redemption thereof, at a redemption price of $25 per Note plus accrued and unpaid interest payments otherwise payable for the then-current quarterly interest period accrued to the date fixed for redemption.

 

You may be prevented from exchanging or transferring the Notes when they are subject to redemption. In case any Notes are to be redeemed in part only, the redemption notice will provide that, upon surrender of such Note, you will receive, without a charge, a new Note or Notes of authorized denominations representing the principal amount of your remaining unredeemed Notes.

 

Any exercise of our option to redeem the Notes will be done in compliance with the 1940 Act, to the extent applicable.

 

If we redeem only a portion of the Notes, the Trustee will determine the method for selection of the particular Notes to be redeemed in compliance with the requirements of the NYSE (or such other principal national securities exchange on which the Notes are then listed), or, if the Notes are not then listed on any national securities exchange, on a pro rata basis, by lot, or by such method as the trustee deems fair and appropriate, in accordance with the 1940 Act to the extent applicable and in accordance with any applicable depositary procedures. Unless we default in payment of the redemption price, on and after the date of redemption, interest will cease to accrue on the Notes called for redemption.

 

Holders will not have the option to have the Notes repaid prior to the stated maturity date.

 

Listing

 

We intend to list the Notes on the NYSE under the symbol “HTFC”. We expect trading in the Notes to begin within 30 days of the original issue date.

 

Trading Characteristics

 

We expect the Notes to trade at a price that takes into account the value, if any, of accrued and unpaid interest. This means that purchasers will not pay, and sellers will not receive, accrued and unpaid interest on the Notes that is not included in their trading price. Any portion of the trading price of a Note that is attributable to accrued and unpaid interest will be treated as a payment of interest for U.S. federal income tax purposes and will not be treated as part of the amount realized for purposes of determining gain or loss on the disposition of the Notes. See “United States Federal Income Tax Consequences.”

 

Certain Covenants

 

In addition to standard covenants relating to payment of principal and interest, maintaining an office where payments may be made or securities surrendered for payment, payment of taxes and related matters, the following covenants apply to the Notes.

 

Reporting

 

We have agreed to provide to holders of the Notes and the trustee (if at any time when Notes are outstanding we are not subject to the reporting requirements of Sections 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act to file any periodic reports with the SEC), our audited annual consolidated financial statements, within 90 days of our fiscal year end, and unaudited interim consolidated financial statements, within 45 days of our fiscal quarter end (other than our fourth fiscal quarter). All such financial statements will be prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with applicable United States generally accepted accounting principles.

 

1940 Act Compliance

 

We agree that, for the period of time during which the Notes are outstanding, we will not violate Section 18(a)(1)(A) as modified by Section 61(a)(1) of the 1940 Act or any successor provisions.

 

We agree that, for the period of time during which the Notes are outstanding, we will not violate Section 18(a)(1)(B) as modified by (i) Section 61(a)(2) of the 1940 Act, the definitional provisions of the 1940 Act or any successor provisions and after giving effect to any exemptive relief granted to us by the SEC and (ii) the two other exceptions set forth below. These statutory provisions of the 1940 Act are not currently applicable to us and will not be applicable to us as a result of this offering. However, if Section 18(a)(1)(B) as modified by Section 61(a)(2) of the 1940 Act were currently applicable to us in connection with this offering, these provisions would generally prohibit us from declaring any cash dividend or distribution upon any class of our capital stock, or purchasing any such capital stock if our asset coverage, as defined for purposes of Section 18(a)(1)(B) in the 1940 Act, were below 150% at the time of the declaration of the dividend or distribution or purchase and after deducting the amount of such dividend, distribution, or purchase. Under the covenant, we will be permitted to declare a cash dividend or distribution notwithstanding the prohibition contained in Section 18(a)(1)(B) as modified by Section 61(a)(2) of the 1940 Act, but only up to such amount as is necessary for us to maintain our status as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Furthermore, the covenant will not be triggered unless and until such time as our asset coverage has not been in compliance with the minimum asset coverage required by Section 18(a)(1)(B) as modified by Section 61(a)(2) of the 1940 Act (after giving effect to any exemptive relief granted to us by the SEC) for more than six consecutive months.

 

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Events of Default

 

You will have rights if an Event of Default occurs in respect of the Notes and is not cured, as described later in this subsection.

 

The term “Event of Default” in respect of the Notes means any of the following:

 

  We do not pay the principal of, or any premium on, the Notes when due, whether at maturity, upon redemption or otherwise.

 

  We do not pay interest on the Notes when due, and such default is not cured within 30 days.
     
  We remain in breach of a covenant in respect of the Notes for 60 days after we receive a written notice of default stating we are in breach. The notice must be sent by either the trustee, if such default is known to a responsible officer of the trustee or a responsible officer of the trustee has received written notice of such default, or holders of at least 25% of the principal amount of the Notes.
     
  The acceleration of our or our subsidiaries’ indebtedness for money borrowed in aggregate principal amount of $10 million or more so that it becomes due and payable before the date on which it would otherwise have become due and payable, if such acceleration is not rescinded within 30 days after we receive a written notice of default stating we are in breach. The notice must be sent by either the trustee or holders of at least 25% of the principal amount of the Notes.
     
  We or any of our subsidiaries fail, within 30 days, to pay, bond or otherwise discharge any final, non-appealable judgments or orders for the payment of money the total uninsured amount of which for us or any of our subsidiaries exceeds $10 million, which are not stayed on appeal.
     
  We or any of our subsidiaries that is a “significant subsidiary” (as defined in Regulation S-X under the Exchange Act) or any group of our subsidiaries that in the aggregate would constitute a “significant subsidiary” file for bankruptcy, or certain other events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization occur and in the case of certain orders or decrees entered against us under bankruptcy law, such order or decree remains undischarged or unstayed for a period of 60 days.
     
  On the last business day of each of twenty-four consecutive calendar months, we have an asset coverage of less than 100%.

 

The trustee may withhold notice to the holders of the Notes any default, except in the payment of principal, premium or interest, if it considers the withholding of notice to be in the best interests of the holders.

 

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Remedies if an Event of Default Occurs

 

If an Event of Default, other than an Event of Default referred to in the second to last bullet point above with respect to us (but including an Event of Default referred to in that bullet point solely with respect to a significant subsidiary, or group of subsidiaries that in the aggregate would constitute a significant subsidiary of ours), has occurred and has not been cured, the trustee, if such event of default is known to a responsible officer of the trustee or a responsible officer of the trustee has received written notice of such event of default, or the holders of at least 25% in principal amount of Notes may declare the entire principal amount of all the Notes to be due and immediately payable. If an Event of Default referred to in the second to last bullet point above with respect to us (and not solely with respect to a significant subsidiary, or group of subsidiaries that in the aggregate would constitute a significant subsidiary of ours) has occurred, the entire principal amount of all the Notes will automatically become due and immediately payable. This is called a declaration of acceleration of maturity. In certain circumstances, a declaration of acceleration of maturity may be canceled by the holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes.

 

The trustee is not required to take any action under the Indenture at the request of any holders unless the holders offer the trustee reasonable protection from expenses and liability (called an “indemnity”) (Section 315 of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939). If reasonable indemnity is provided, the holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes may direct the time, method and place of conducting any lawsuit or other formal legal action seeking any remedy available to the trustee. The trustee may refuse to follow those directions in certain circumstances. No delay or omission in exercising any right or remedy will be treated as a waiver of that right, remedy or Event of Default.

 

Before you are allowed to bypass your trustee and bring your own lawsuit or other formal legal action or take other steps to enforce your rights or protect your interests relating to the Notes, the following must occur:

 

  You must give your trustee written notice that an Event of Default has occurred and remains uncured.
     
  The holders of at least 25% in principal amount of all outstanding Notes must make a written request that the trustee take action because of the default and must offer reasonable indemnity to the trustee against the cost and other liabilities of taking that action.
     
  The trustee must not have taken action for 60 calendar days after receipt of the above notice and offer of indemnity.
     
  The holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes must not have given the trustee a direction inconsistent with the above notice during that 60 calendar day period.

 

However, you are entitled at any time to bring a lawsuit for the payment of money due on your Notes on or after the due date.

 

Holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes may waive any past defaults other than:

 

  the payment of principal, any premium or interest; or
     
  in respect of a covenant that cannot be modified or amended without the consent of each holder.

 

Book-entry and other indirect holders should consult their banks or brokers for information on how to give notice or direction to or make a request of the trustee and how to declare or cancel an acceleration of maturity.

 

Each year, we will furnish to the trustee a written statement of certain of our officers certifying that to their knowledge we are in compliance with the Indenture, or else specifying any default.

 

Merger or Consolidation

 

Under the terms of the Indenture, we are generally permitted to consolidate or merge with another entity. We are also permitted to sell all or substantially all of our assets to another entity. However, we may not consolidate with or into any other corporation or convey or transfer all or substantially all of our property or assets to any person unless all the following conditions are met:

 

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  Where we merge out of existence or sell our assets, the resulting entity must agree to be legally responsible for all of our obligations under the Notes and the Indenture.

 

  Immediately after giving effect to such transaction, no Default or Event of Default shall have happened and be continuing.
     
  We must deliver certain certificates and documents to the trustee.

 

Modification or Waiver

 

There are three types of changes we can make to the Indenture and the Notes.

 

Changes Requiring Your Approval

 

First, there are changes that we cannot make to your Notes without your specific approval. The following is a list of those types of changes:

 

  change the stated maturity of the principal of or interest on the Notes;
     
  reduce any amounts due on the Notes;
     
  reduce the amount of principal payable upon acceleration of the maturity of the Notes following a default;
     
  adversely affect any right of repayment at the holder’s option;
     
  change the place (except as otherwise described in the accompanying prospectus or prospectus supplement) or currency of payment on the Notes;
     
  impair your right to sue for payment;
     
  reduce the percentage of holders of Notes whose consent is needed to modify or amend the Indenture;
     
  reduce the percentage of holders of Notes whose consent is needed to waive compliance with certain provisions of the Indenture or to waive certain defaults;
     
  modify any other aspect of the provisions of the Indenture dealing with supplemental indentures, modification and waiver of past defaults, changes to the quorum or voting requirements or the waiver of certain covenants; and
     
  change any obligation we have to pay additional amounts.

 

Changes Not Requiring Approval

 

The second type of change does not require any vote by the holders of the Notes. This type is limited to clarifications and certain other changes that would not adversely affect holders of the Notes in any material respect. We also do not need any approval to make any change that affects only debt securities to be issued under the indenture after the change takes effect.

 

Changes Requiring Majority Approval

 

Any other change to the Indenture and the Notes would require the following approval:

 

  If the change affects only the Notes, it must be approved by the holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes outstanding at such time.
     
  If the change affects more than one series of debt securities issued under the indenture, it must be approved by the holders of a majority in principal amount of all of the series affected by the change, with all affected series voting together as one class for this purpose.

 

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The holders of a majority in principal amount of all of the series of debt securities issued under an indenture, voting together as one class for this purpose, may waive our compliance with some of our covenants in that indenture. However, we cannot obtain a waiver of a payment default or of any of the matters covered by the bullet points included above under “— Changes Requiring Your Approval.”

 

Book-entry and other indirect holders should consult their banks or brokers for information on how approval may be granted or denied if we seek to change the Indenture or the Notes or request a waiver.

 

Defeasance

 

Covenant Defeasance

 

Under current United States federal tax law, we can make the deposit described below and be released from some of the restrictive covenants in the Indenture under which the Notes were issued. This is called “covenant defeasance.” In that event, you would lose the protection of those restrictive covenants but would gain the protection of having money and government securities set aside in trust to repay your Notes. In order to achieve covenant defeasance, we must do the following:

 

  We must irrevocably deposit in trust for the benefit of all holders of such Notes a combination of money and United States government or United States government agency notes or bonds that will generate enough cash to make interest, principal and any other payments on the Notes on their various due dates. No Default or Event of Default with respect to the Notes shall have occurred and be continuing on the date of such deposit, or in the case of a bankruptcy Event of Default, at any time during the period ending on the 91st day after the date of such deposit.

 

  We must deliver to the trustee a legal opinion of our counsel confirming that, under current U.S. federal income tax law, we may make the above deposit without causing you to be taxed on the Notes any differently than if we did not make the deposit and just repaid the Notes ourselves at maturity.

 

We must deliver to the trustee a legal opinion of our counsel stating that the above deposit does not require registration by us under the 1940 Act and a legal opinion and officers’ certificate stating that all conditions precedent to covenant defeasance have been complied with.

 

If we accomplish covenant defeasance, you can still look to us for repayment of the Notes if there were a shortfall in the trust deposit or the trustee is prevented from making payment. For example, if one of the remaining Events of Default occurred (such as our bankruptcy) and the Notes became immediately due and payable, there might be a shortfall. Depending on the event causing the default, you may not be able to obtain payment of the shortfall.

 

Full Defeasance

 

If there is a change in U.S. federal tax law, as described below, we can legally release ourselves from all payment and other obligations on the Notes (called “full defeasance”) if we put in place the following other arrangements for you to be repaid:

 

  We must deposit in trust for the benefit of all holders of such Notes a combination of money and United States government or United States government agency notes or bonds that will generate enough cash to make interest, principal and any other payments on the Notes and for payment of amounts due to the trustee. No Default or Event of Default with respect to the Notes shall have occurred and be continuing on the date of such deposit, or in the case of a bankruptcy Event of Default, at any time during the period ending on the 91st day after the date of such deposit.
     
  We must deliver to the trustee a legal opinion confirming that there has been a change in current U.S. federal tax law or a ruling issued by the Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, that allows us to make the above deposit without causing you to be taxed on the Notes any differently than if we did not make the deposit and just repaid the Notes ourselves at maturity. Under current U.S. federal tax law, the deposit and our legal release from the Notes would be treated as though we paid you your share of the cash and notes or bonds at the time the cash and notes or bonds were deposited in trust in exchange for your Notes and you would recognize gain or loss on the Notes at the time of the deposit.

 

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  We must deliver to the trustee a legal opinion of our counsel stating that the above deposit does not require registration by us under the 1940 Act and a legal opinion and officers’ certificate stating that all conditions precedent to defeasance have been complied with.

 

If we ever did accomplish full defeasance, as described above, you would have to rely solely on the trust deposit for repayment of the Notes. You could not look to us for repayment in the unlikely event of any shortfall. Conversely, the trust deposit would most likely be protected from claims of our lenders and other creditors if we ever became bankrupt or insolvent.

 

No service charge will be made for any registration of transfer or any exchange of Notes, but we may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any transfer tax or similar governmental charge payable in connection therewith.

 

Satisfaction and Discharge

 

The Indenture will be discharged and will cease to be of further effect with respect to the Notes when either:

 

    all the Notes that have been authenticated have been delivered to the trustee for cancellation; or
       
    all the Notes that have not been delivered to the trustee for cancellation:
       
      have become due and payable,
         
    will become due and payable at their stated maturity within one year, or
         
      are to be called for redemption within one year,

 

and we, in the case of the first, second and third sub-bullets above, have irrevocably deposited or caused to be deposited with the trustee as trust funds in trust solely for the benefit of the holders of the Notes, in amounts as will be sufficient, without consideration of any reinvestment of interest, to pay and discharge the entire indebtedness (including all principal, premium, if any, and interest) on such Notes delivered to the trustee for cancellation (in the case of Notes that have become due and payable on or prior to the date of such deposit) or to the stated maturity or redemption date, as the case may be,

 

  we have paid or caused to be paid all other sums payable by us under the Indenture with respect to the Notes; and
     
  we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate and legal opinion, each stating that all conditions precedent provided for in the Indenture, including amounts payable to the trustee, relating to the satisfaction and discharge of the Indenture and the Notes have been complied with.

 

Additional Notes and Additional Series of Notes

 

We may from time to time, without notice to or the consent of the registered holders of the Notes, create and issue further notes ranking equally and ratably with the Notes in all respects, including having the same CUSIP number, so that such further notes shall be consolidated and form a single series of notes and shall have the same terms as to status or otherwise as the Notes. No additional notes may be issued if an event of default has occurred and is continuing with respect to the Notes. The indenture also allows for the issuance of additional series of debt securities from time to time.

 

The Trustee Under the Indenture

 

U.S. Bank Trust Company, National Association will serve as the trustee under the Indenture.

 

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Payment, Paying Agent, Registrar and Transfer Agent

 

The principal amount of each Note will be payable on the stated maturity date at the office of the Paying Agent, Registrar and Transfer Agent for the Notes or at such other office in New York City as we may designate. The trustee will initially act as Paying Agent, Registrar and Transfer Agent for the Notes.

 

Governing Law

 

The Indenture and the Notes will be governed by the laws of the State of New York.

 

Book-Entry Debt Securities

 

DTC will act as securities depository for the Notes. The Notes will be issued as fully registered securities registered in the name of Cede & Co. (DTC’s partnership nominee) or such other name as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. One fully-registered certificate will be issued for the Notes, in the aggregate principal amount of such issue, and will be deposited with DTC.

 

DTC is a limited-purpose trust company organized under the New York Banking Law, a “banking organization” within the meaning of the New York Banking Law, a member of the Federal Reserve System, a “clearing corporation” within the meaning of the New York Uniform Commercial Code, and a “clearing agency” registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Exchange Act. DTC holds and provides asset servicing for issues of U.S. and non-U.S. equity issues, corporate and municipal debt issues, and money market instruments that DTC’s participants (“Direct Participants”) deposit with DTC. DTC also facilitates the post-trade settlement among Direct Participants of sales and other securities transactions in deposited securities through electronic computerized book-entry transfers and pledges between Direct Participants’ accounts. This eliminates the need for physical movement of securities certificates. Direct Participants include both U.S. and non-U.S. securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations, and certain other organizations. DTC is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (“DTCC”).

 

DTCC is the holding company for DTC, National Securities Clearing Corporation and Fixed Income Clearing Corporation, all of which are registered clearing agencies. DTCC is owned by the users of its regulated subsidiaries. Access to the DTC system is also available to others such as both U.S. and non-U.S. securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies and clearing corporations that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a Direct Participant, either directly or indirectly (“Indirect Participants”).

 

Purchases of debt securities under the DTC system must be made by or through Direct Participants, which will receive a credit for the debt securities on DTC’s records. The ownership interest of each actual purchaser of each security (“Beneficial Owner”) is in turn to be recorded on the Direct and Indirect Participants’ records. Beneficial Owners will not receive written confirmation from DTC of their purchase. Beneficial Owners are, however, expected to receive written confirmations providing details of the transaction, as well as periodic statements of their holdings, from the Direct or Indirect Participant through which the Beneficial Owner entered into the transaction. Transfers of ownership interests in the debt securities are to be accomplished by entries made on the books of Direct and Indirect Participants acting on behalf of Beneficial Owners. Beneficial Owners will not receive certificates representing their ownership interests in debt securities, except in the event that use of the book-entry system for the debt securities is discontinued.

 

To facilitate subsequent transfers, all debt securities deposited by Direct Participants with DTC are registered in the name of DTC’s partnership nominee, Cede & Co. or such other name as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. The deposit of debt securities with DTC and their registration in the name of Cede & Co. or such other DTC nominee do not affect any change in beneficial ownership. DTC has no knowledge of the actual Beneficial Owners of the debt securities; DTC’s records reflect only the identity of the Direct Participants to whose accounts such debt securities are credited, which may or may not be the Beneficial Owners. The Direct and Indirect Participants will remain responsible for keeping account of their holdings on behalf of their customers.

 

Conveyance of notices and other communications by DTC to Direct Participants, by Direct Participants to Indirect Participants, and by Direct Participants and Indirect Participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by arrangements among them, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time.

 

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Redemption notices shall be sent to DTC. If less than all of the debt securities within an issue are being redeemed, DTC’s practice is to determine by lot the amount of the interest of each Direct Participant in such issue to be redeemed.

 

Neither DTC nor Cede & Co. (nor such other DTC nominee) will consent or vote with respect to the Notes unless authorized by a Direct Participant in accordance with DTC’s Procedures. Under its usual procedures, DTC mails an Omnibus Proxy to us as soon as possible after the record date. The Omnibus Proxy assigns Cede & Co.’s consenting or voting rights to those Direct Participants to whose accounts the Notes are credited on the record date (identified in a listing attached to the Omnibus Proxy).

 

Redemption proceeds, distributions, and dividend payments on the Notes will be made to Cede & Co., or such other nominee as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. DTC’s practice is to credit Direct Participants’ accounts upon. DTC’s receipt of funds and corresponding detail information from us or the trustee on the payment date in accordance with their respective holdings shown on DTC’s records. Payments by Participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by standing instructions and customary practices, as is the case with securities held for the accounts of customers in bearer form or registered in “street name,” and will be the responsibility of such Participant and not of DTC nor its nominee, the trustee, or us, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time. Payment of redemption proceeds, distributions, and dividend payments to Cede & Co. (or such other nominee as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC) is the responsibility of us or the trustee, but disbursement of such payments to Direct Participants will be the responsibility of DTC, and disbursement of such payments to the Beneficial Owners will be the responsibility of Direct and Indirect Participants.

 

DTC may discontinue providing its services as securities depository with respect to the Notes at any time by giving reasonable notice to us or to the trustee. Under such circumstances, in the event that a successor securities depository is not obtained, certificates are required to be printed and delivered. We may decide to discontinue use of the system of book-entry-only transfers through DTC (or a successor securities depository). In that event, certificates will be printed and delivered to DTC.

 

The information in this section concerning DTC and DTC’s book-entry system has been obtained from sources that we believe to be reliable, but we take no responsibility for the accuracy thereof.

 

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MATERIAL UNITED STATES FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES

 

The following discussion is a general summary of the material United States federal income tax considerations (and, in the case of a non-U.S. holder (as defined below), the material United States federal estate tax consequences) applicable to an investment in the Notes. This summary does not purport to be a complete description of the income tax considerations applicable to such an investment. The discussion is based upon the Code, the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder, and administrative and judicial interpretations, each as of the date of this prospectus supplement and all of which are subject to change, potentially with retroactive effect. You should consult your own tax advisor with respect to tax considerations that pertain to your purchase of the Notes.

 

This discussion deals only with Notes held as capital assets within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code and does not purport to deal with persons in special tax situations, such as financial institutions, insurance companies, controlled foreign corporations, passive foreign investment companies and regulated investment companies (and shareholders of such corporations), dealers in securities or currencies, traders in securities, former citizens of the United States, persons holding the Notes as a hedge against currency risks or as a position in a “straddle,” “hedge,” “constructive sale transaction” or “conversion transaction” for tax purposes, entities that are tax-exempt for United States federal income tax purposes, retirement plans, individual retirement accounts, tax-deferred accounts, persons subject to the alternative minimum tax, pass-through entities (including partnerships and entities and arrangements classified as partnerships for United States federal income tax purposes) and beneficial owners of pass-through entities, or persons whose functional currency (as defined in Section 985 of the Code) is not the U.S. dollar. It also does not deal with beneficial owners of the Notes other than original purchasers of the Notes who acquire the Notes in this offering. If you are considering purchasing the Notes, you should consult your own tax advisor concerning the application of the United States federal tax laws to you in light of your particular situation, as well as any consequences to you of purchasing, owning and disposing of the Notes under the laws of any other taxing jurisdiction.

 

For purposes of this discussion, the term “U.S. holder” means a beneficial owner of a Note that is, for United States federal income tax purposes, (i) an individual citizen or resident of the United States, (ii) a corporation or other entity treated as a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes, created or organized in or under the laws of the United States or of any political subdivision thereof, (iii) a trust (a) subject to the control of one or more United States persons and the primary supervision of a court in the United States, or (b) that has a valid election (under applicable Treasury Regulations) to be treated as a United States person, or (iv) an estate the income of which is subject to United States federal income taxation regardless of its source. The term “non-U.S. holder” means a beneficial owner of a Note that is neither a U.S. holder nor a partnership (including an entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes). An individual may, subject to exceptions, be deemed to be a resident alien, as opposed to a non-resident alien, by, among other ways, being present in the United States (i) on at least 31 days in the calendar year, and (ii) for an aggregate of at least 183 days during a three-year period ending in the current calendar year, counting for such purposes all of the days present in the current year, one-third of the days present in the immediately preceding year, and one-sixth of the days present in the second preceding year. Resident aliens are subject to United States federal income tax as if they were United States citizens.

 

If a partnership (including an entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) holds any Notes, the United States federal income tax treatment of a partner of the partnership generally will depend upon the status of the partner, the activities of the partnership and certain determinations made at the partner level. Partners of partnerships holding Notes should consult their own tax advisors.

 

Taxation of Note Holders

 

Except as discussed below, payments or accruals of interest on a Note generally will be taxable to a U.S. holder as ordinary interest income at the time they are received (actually or constructively) or accrued, in accordance with the U.S. holder’s regular method of tax accounting. In addition, if the issue price of the Notes (i.e., the first price at which a substantial amount of the Notes is sold to investors) is less than their “stated redemption price at maturity” (i.e., the sum of all payments to be made on the Notes, other than payments of “qualified stated interest”) by not less than a specified de minimis amount, the Notes will be considered as having been issued for U.S. federal income tax purposes with original issue discount, or OID. In the case of the Notes, the term “qualified stated interest” generally means interest that is unconditionally payable at least annually and at a single fixed rate.

 

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If the Notes are issued with OID, a U.S. holder generally will be required to include the OID in gross income as ordinary interest income in advance of the receipt of cash attributable to that income and regardless of such U.S. holder’s regular method of tax accounting. Such OID will be included in gross income for each day during each taxable year in which a Note is held by a U.S. holder using a constant yield method that reflects the compounding of interest. This means that a U.S. holder will be required to include increasingly greater amounts of OID over time. If the Notes are issued with discount that is less than the “de minimis amount” (i.e., discount that is not treated as OID), the U.S. holder generally will be required to include the de minimis OID in income at the time a principal payment on the Note is made in proportion to the amount paid. Any amount of de minimis OID on a Note that is recognized by a U.S. holder will be characterized as capital gain. Notice will be given if we determine that any of the Notes will be issued with OID. We are required to provide information returns stating the amount of OID accrued on the Notes held by persons of record, other than certain U.S. tax-exempt holders.

 

If you acquire a Note for an amount that is less than its adjusted issue price, the amount of the difference generally will be treated as “market discount” for U.S. federal income tax purposes, unless that difference is less than a specified de minimis amount. Under the market discount rules, you will be required to treat any principal payment on, or any gain on the sale, exchange, retirement or other disposition of, a Note as ordinary income to the extent of the market discount that you have not previously included in income and are treated as having accrued on the Note at the time of any principal payment received on the Note.

 

In such case, you also may be required to defer, until the maturity of a Note or its earlier sale or other disposition in a taxable transaction, the deduction of all or a portion of the interest expense on any indebtedness attributable to the Note.

 

You may make an election to include market discount from a Note in income currently as it accrues in which case the rule described above regarding deferral of interest deductions will not apply. If a U.S. holder makes this election, the U.S. holder will be required to increase the tax basis in the Note by the amount of market discount on the Note included in the U.S. holder’s income. If you make this election, it will apply to all debt instruments with market discount (including, if applicable, the Note) that you acquire on or after the first day of the first taxable year to which the election applies, and such election is irrevocable without the consent of the IRS. You should consult your own tax advisor before making this election.

 

Any market discount you recognize on a Note will be considered to accrue ratably during the period from the date of acquisition to the maturity date of the Note, unless you make a separate election to accrue such market discount on a constant yield method. If you make this election, it will only apply to the Note and any other debt instruments you specify, that you acquire on or after the first day of the first taxable year to which the election applies. You may not revoke this election without the consent of the IRS. You should consult your own tax advisor before making such election.

 

If you acquire a Note for an amount in excess of its stated principal amount, you will be considered to have purchased the Note at a “premium.'' You generally may elect to amortize such premium over the remaining term of the Note on a constant yield method as an offset to interest when includible in taxable income under your regular accounting method. Any amortized amount of the premium for a taxable year generally will be treated first as an offset to interest on a Note includible in income in such taxable year, then as a deduction allowed in that taxable year to the extent of your prior interest inclusions on the Note, and finally as a carryforward allowable against your future interest inclusions on the Note, in each case, in accordance with your regular accounting method. If you make this election, you will be required to reduce your tax basis in a Note by the amount of the premium amortized. An election to amortize premium will also apply to all other taxable debt instruments you hold or subsequently acquire on or after the first day of the first taxable year for which the election is made. You may not revoke this election without the consent of the IRS. You should consult your own tax advisor before making such election. If you do not elect to amortize premium on the Note, that premium will decrease the gain or increase the loss you would otherwise recognize on disposition of the Note.

 

Upon the sale, exchange, redemption or retirement of a Note, a U.S. holder generally will recognize capital gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized on the sale, exchange, redemption or retirement (excluding amounts representing accrued and unpaid interest, which are treated as ordinary income) and the U.S. holder’s adjusted tax basis in the Note, increased by an OID and market discount previously included in income with respect to the Note, and reduced by the amount of any bond premium previously amortized with respect to the Note and any cash payments on the Note other than qualified stated interest. A U.S. holder’s adjusted tax basis in a Note generally will equal the U.S. holder’s initial investment in the Note. Capital gain or loss generally will be long-term capital gain or loss if the Note was held for more than one year. Long-term capital gains recognized by individuals and certain other non-corporate U.S. holders generally are eligible for reduced rates of taxation. The distinction between capital gain or loss and ordinary income or loss is also important in other contexts; for example, for purposes of the limitations on a U.S. holder’s ability to offset capital losses against ordinary income.

 

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Medicare Tax on Net Investment Income.  A 3.8% tax is imposed under Section 1411 of the Code on the “net investment income” of certain U.S. citizens and residents and on the undistributed net investment income of certain estates and trusts. Among other items, net investment income generally includes payments of interest on, and net gains recognized from the sale, exchange, redemption, retirement or other taxable disposition of Notes (unless the Notes are held in connection with certain trades or businesses), less certain deductions. U.S. holders should consult their own tax advisors regarding the effect, if any, of this legislation on their ownership and disposition of the Notes.

 

Tax Shelter Reporting Regulations.  Under applicable Treasury Regulations, if a U.S. holder recognizes a loss with respect to the Notes or shares of our common stock of $2 million or more for a non-corporate U.S. holder or $10 million or more for a corporate U.S. holder in any single taxable year (or a greater loss over a combination of taxable years), the U.S. holder may be required to file with the IRS a disclosure statement on IRS Form 8886. Direct U.S. holders of portfolio securities are in many cases excepted from this reporting requirement, but, under current guidance, U.S. holders of a RIC are not excepted. Future guidance may extend the current exception from this reporting requirement to U.S. holders of most or all RICs. The fact that a loss is reportable under these regulations does not affect the legal determination of whether the taxpayer’s treatment of the loss is proper. Significant monetary penalties apply to a failure to comply with this reporting requirement. States may also have a similar reporting requirement. U.S. holders of the Notes or our common stock should consult their own tax advisors to determine the applicability of these Treasury Regulations in light of their individual circumstances.

 

Taxation of Non-U.S. Holders.  Except as provided below under “Information Reporting and Backup Witholding” and “FATCA Withholding on Payments to Certain Foreign Entities,” a non-U.S. holder generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income or withholding taxes on payments of principal or stated interest on a Note provided that (i) income on the Note is not effectively connected with the conduct by the non-U.S. holder of a trade or business within the U.S., (ii) the non-U.S. holder is not a controlled foreign corporation, or CFC, related to the Company through stock ownership, (iii) in the case of interest income, the recipient is not a bank receiving interest described in Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code, (iv) the non-U.S. holder does not own (actually or constructively) 10% or more of the total combined voting power or value of all classes of stock of the Company, and (v) (A) the non-U.S. holder provides a statement on an IRS Form W-8BEN, Form W-8BEN-E or other applicable U.S. nonresident withholding tax certification form signed under penalties of perjury that includes its name and address and certifies that it is not a United States person for U.S. federal income tax purposes in compliance with applicable requirements, or satisfies documentary evidence requirements for establishing that it is a non-U.S. holder, or (B) a securities clearing organization, bank, or other financial institution that holds customer securities in the ordinary course of its trade or business (i.e., a “financial institution”) and holds a Note certifies to us under penalties of perjury that either it or another financial institution has received the required statement from the non-U.S. holder certifying that it is a non-U.S. person and furnishes us with a copy of the statement.

 

A non-U.S. holder that is not exempt from tax under these rules generally will be subject to United States federal income tax withholding on payments of interest on the Notes at a rate of 30% unless (i) the income is effectively connected with the conduct of a U.S. trade or business, in which case the interest will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net income basis as applicable to U.S. holders generally (unless an applicable income tax treaty provides otherwise), or (ii) an applicable income tax treaty provides for a lower rate of, or exemption from, withholding tax.

 

In the case of a non-U.S. holder that is classified as a corporation and that receives income that is effectively connected with the conduct of a U.S. trade or business, such income may also be subject to a branch profits tax (which is generally imposed on a non-U.S. corporation on the actual or deemed repatriation from the U.S. of earnings and profits attributable to a U.S. trade or business) at a 30% rate. The branch profits tax may not apply (or may apply at a reduced rate) if the non-U.S. holder is a qualified resident of a country with which the U.S. has an income tax treaty.

 

To claim the benefit of an income tax treaty or to claim exemption from withholding because income is effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business, the non-U.S. holder must timely provide the appropriate, properly executed IRS U.S. nonresident withholding tax certification form signed under penalties of perjury to the applicable withholding agent. These forms may be required to be periodically updated. Also, a non-U.S. holder who is claiming the benefits of a treaty may be required to obtain a United States taxpayer identification number and to provide certain documentary evidence issued by foreign governmental authorities to prove residence in the foreign country.

 

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Generally, a non-U.S. holder will not be subject to U.S. federal income or withholding taxes on any amount that constitutes capital gain upon the sale, exchange, redemption or retirement of a Note, provided the gain is not effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the U.S. by the non-U.S. holder (and, if required by an applicable income tax treaty, is not attributable to a United States “permanent establishment” maintained by the non-U.S. holder). Certain other exceptions may be applicable, and a non-U.S. holder should consult its tax advisor in this regard.

 

A Note that is held by an individual who, at the time of death, is not a citizen or resident of the U.S. (as specially defined for U.S. federal estate tax purposes) generally will not be subject to the U.S. federal estate tax, unless, at the time of death, (i) such individual directly or indirectly, actually or constructively, owns ten percent or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of our stock entitled to vote within the meaning of Section 871(h)(3) of the Code and the Treasury Regulations thereunder or (ii) such individual’s interest in the Notes is effectively connected with the individual’s conduct of a U.S. trade or business.

 

Information Reporting and Backup Withholding.  A U.S. holder (other than an “exempt recipient,” including a corporation and certain other persons who, when required, demonstrate their exempt status) may be subject to backup withholding at a rate of 28% on, and to information reporting requirements with respect to, payments of principal or interest on, and proceeds from the sale, exchange, redemption or retirement of, the Notes. In general, if a non-corporate U.S. holder subject to information reporting fails to furnish a correct taxpayer identification number or otherwise fails to comply with applicable backup withholding requirements, backup withholding at the applicable rate may apply.

 

If you are a non-U.S. holder, generally, the applicable withholding agent must report to the IRS and to you payments of interest on a Note and the amount of tax, if any, withheld with respect to those payments. Copies of the information returns reporting such interest payments and any withholding may also be made available to the tax authorities in the country in which you reside under the provisions of a treaty or agreement. In general, backup withholding will not apply to payments of interest on your Note if you have provided to the applicable withholding agent the required certification that you are not a U.S. person and the applicable withholding agent does not have actual knowledge or reason to know that you are a U.S. person. Information reporting and, depending on the circumstances, backup withholding will apply to payment to you of the proceeds of a sale or other disposition (including a retirement or redemption) of your Notes within the U.S. or conducted through certain U.S.-related financial intermediaries, unless you certify under penalties of perjury that you are not a U.S. person or you otherwise establish an exemption, and the applicable withholding agent does not have actual knowledge or reason to know that you are a U.S. person.

 

In addition, payments of the proceeds from the sale of a Note to or through a non-U.S. office of a broker or the non-U.S. office of a custodian, nominee, or other dealer acting on behalf of a holder generally will not be subject to information reporting or backup withholding. However, if the broker, custodian, nominee, or other dealer is a U.S. person, the government of the United States or the government of any state or political subdivision of any state, or any agency or instrumentality of any of these governmental units, a CFC, a foreign partnership that is either engaged in a trade or business within the U.S. or whose U.S. resident partners in the aggregate hold more than 50% of the income or capital interest in the partnership, a non-U.S. person 50% or more of whose gross income for a certain period is effectively connected with a trade or business within the U.S., or a U.S. branch of a foreign bank or insurance company, information reporting (but not backup withholding) generally will be required with respect to payments made to a holder unless the broker, custodian, nominee, or other dealer has documentation of the holder’s non-U.S. status and the broker, custodian, nominee, or other dealer has no actual knowledge or reason to know to the contrary.

 

You should consult your tax advisor regarding the qualification for an exemption from backup withholding and information reporting and the procedures for obtaining such an exemption, if applicable. Any amounts withheld under the backup withholding rules from a payment to a beneficial owner generally would be allowed as a refund or a credit against such beneficial owner’s United States federal income tax provided the required information is timely furnished to the IRS.

 

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FATCA Withholding on Payments to Certain Foreign Entities.  The FATCA provisions of the Code as well as Treasury Regulations and other IRS administrative guidance promulgated thereunder, when applicable, generally impose a U.S. federal withholding tax of 30% on interest earned in respect of a debt instrument, (“withholdable payments”), which includes the Notes, to certain non-U.S. entities (including, in some circumstances, where such an entity is acting as an intermediary) that fail to comply or is not deemed compliant with certain certification and information reporting requirements that are in addition to the requirement to provide an applicable U.S. nonresident withholding tax certification form, as discussed above. FATCA withholding taxes generally apply to all withholdable payments without regard to whether the beneficial owner of the payment would otherwise be entitled to an exemption from withholding taxes pursuant to an applicable tax treaty with the U.S. or under U.S. domestic law. If FATCA withholding taxes are imposed with respect to any payments of interest made or deemed made under the Notes, holders that are otherwise eligible for an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding taxes with respect to such interest or proceeds will be required to seek a credit or refund from the IRS in order to obtain the benefit of such exemption or reduction, if any. Holders of or prospective holders of the Notes may be required to provide additional information as specified in the Second Supplemental Indenture to enable the applicable withholding agent to determine whether withholding is required. Prospective holders of the Notes should consult their own tax advisors regarding the effect, if any, of the FATCA rules for them based on their particular circumstances.

 

The preceding discussion of material U.S. federal income tax considerations is for general information only and is not tax advice. We urge you to consult your own tax advisor with respect to the particular tax consequences to you of an investment in the Notes, including the possible effect of any pending legislation or proposed regulations.

 

S-31

 

 

UNDERWRITING

 

We are offering the Notes described in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus through a number of underwriters. Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. is acting as representative of the underwriters. We have entered into an underwriting agreement with the underwriters. Subject to the terms and conditions of the underwriting agreement, we have agreed to sell to the underwriters, and each underwriter has agreed, severally and not jointly to purchase, the aggregate principal amount of Notes listed next to its name in the following table:

 

Underwriters  Principal Amount 
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.  $  
B. Riley Securities, Inc.     
Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.     
Janney Montgomery Scott LLC     
Maxim Group LLC               
Total  $  

 

Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the underwriting agreement, the underwriters have agreed, severally and not jointly, to purchase all of the Notes sold under the underwriting agreement if any of these Notes are purchased. If an underwriter defaults, the underwriting agreement provides that the purchase commitments of the nondefaulting underwriters may be increased or the underwriting agreement may be terminated.

 

We have agreed to indemnify the underwriters and their controlling persons against certain liabilities in connection with this offering, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribute to payments the underwriters may be required to make in respect of those liabilities.

 

The underwriters are offering the Notes, subject to prior sale, when, as and if issued to and accepted by them, subject to approval of legal matters by their counsel and other conditions contained in the underwriting agreement, such as the receipt by the underwriters of officer’s certificates and legal opinions. The underwriters reserve the right to withdraw, cancel or modify offers to the public and to reject orders in whole or in part.

 

The underwriters have agreed to purchase the Notes from us at          % of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes, which will result in aggregate proceeds to us of $              , assuming no exercise of the underwriters’ overallotment option, and before deducting expenses payable by us, and $             , assuming full exercise of the underwriters’ overallotment option. The underwriters propose to offer the Notes at the public offering price on the cover page of this prospectus and to selling group members at the price less a selling concession of $               per Note.

 

We estimate expenses payable by us in connection with this offering will be approximately $                     .

 

Settlement

 

We expect that delivery of the Notes will be made against payment therefor on or about June 15, 2022, which will be the fifth business day following the date of pricing of the Notes, or “T+5.” Under Rule 15c6-1 of the Exchange Act, trades in the secondary market generally are required to settle in two business days, unless the parties to any such trade expressly agree otherwise. Accordingly, purchasers who wish to trade the Notes prior to the delivery of the Notes will be required, by virtue of the fact that the Notes initially settle in T+5, to specify an alternate settlement arrangement at the time of any such trade to prevent a failed settlement. Purchasers of the Notes who wish to trade the Notes prior to their date of delivery hereunder should consult their advisors.

 

New Listing of Notes

 

The Notes are a new issue of securities with no established trading market. We intend to list the Notes on The New York Stock Exchange within 30 days of the closing of this offering and will use commercially reasonable efforts to maintain this listing. We expect trading in the Notes on the NYSE to begin within 30 days after the original issue date. Currently there is no public market for the Notes.

 

We have been advised by certain underwriters that they presently intend to make a market in the Notes after completion of the offering as permitted by applicable laws and regulations. Such underwriters are not obligated, however, to make a market in the Notes and any such market-making may be discontinued at any time in the sole discretion of such underwriters without any notice. Accordingly, no assurance can be given as to the liquidity of, or development of a public trading market for, the Notes. If an active public trading market for the Notes does not develop, the market price and liquidity of the Notes may be adversely affected.

 

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Overallotment Option

 

The underwriters have an option to buy up to an additional $                    aggregate principal amount of the Notes from us to cover sales of Notes by the underwriters which exceed the amount of Notes specified in the table above. The underwriters have 30 days from the date of this prospectus supplement to exercise this overallotment option. If any Notes are purchased with this overallotment option, the underwriters will purchase Notes in approximately the same proportion as shown in the table above. If any additional Notes are purchased, the underwriters will offer the additional Notes on the same terms as those on which all Notes are being offered. We are responsible for the payment of any interest that the Notes subject to this overallotment option accrue between the date of this offering and the underwriters’ exercise of the overallotment option.

 

No Sales of Similar Securities

 

Subject to certain exceptions, we have agreed not to directly or indirectly, offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, grant any option for the sale of, or otherwise transfer or dispose of any debt securities issued or guaranteed by the Company or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for debt securities issued or guaranteed by the Company or file any registration statement under the Securities Act with respect to any of the foregoing for a period of 90 days after the date of this prospectus supplement without first obtaining the written consent of Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. This consent may be given at any time without public notice.

 

Price Stabilizations and Short Positions

 

In connection with this offering the underwriters may purchase and sell Notes in the open market. These transactions may include overallotment syndicate covering transactions and stabilizing transactions. Overallotment involves sales by the underwriters of Notes in excess of the number of securities required to be purchased by the underwriters in the offering, which creates a syndicate short position. “Covered” short sales are sales of securities made in an amount up to the number of securities represented by the underwriters’ overallotment option. Transactions to close out the covered syndicate short involve either purchases of such securities in the open market after the distribution has been completed or the exercise of the overallotment option. In determining the source of securities to close out the covered syndicate short position, the underwriters may consider the price of securities available for purchase in the open market as compared to the price at which they may purchase securities through the overallotment option. The underwriters may also make “naked” short sales, or sales in excess of the overallotment option. The underwriters must close out any naked short position by purchasing securities in the open market. A naked short position is more likely to be created if the underwriters are concerned that there may be downward pressure on the price of the securities in the open market after pricing that could adversely affect investors who purchase in the offering. Stabilizing transactions consist of bids for or purchases of securities in the open market while the offering is in progress for the purpose of fixing or maintaining the price of the securities.

 

The underwriters also may impose a penalty bid. Penalty bids permit the underwriters to reclaim a selling concession from an underwriter or syndicate member when the underwriters repurchase securities originally sold by that underwriter or syndicate member in order to cover syndicate short positions or make stabilizing purchases.

 

Any of these activities may have the effect of raising or maintaining the market price of the securities or preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of the securities. As a result, the price of the securities may be higher than the price that might otherwise exist in the open market. The underwriters may conduct these transactions on the NYSE or otherwise. Neither we nor any of the underwriters makes any representation or prediction as to the direction or magnitude of any effect that the transactions described above may have on the price of our securities. In addition, neither we nor any of the underwriters makes any representation that the underwriters will engage in these transactions. If the underwriters commence any of these transactions, they may discontinue them at any time.

 

In connection with this offering, the underwriters may engage in passive market making transactions in our securities on the NYSE in accordance with Rule 103 of Regulation M under the Exchange Act during a period before the commencement of offers or sales of securities and extending through the completion of distribution. A passive market maker must display its bid at a price not in excess of the highest independent bid of that security. However, if all independent bids are lowered below the passive market maker’s bid, that bid must then be lowered when specified purchase limits are exceeded.

 

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Additional Underwriter Relationships

 

Certain of the underwriters and their respective affiliates have from time to time performed and may in the future perform various commercial banking, financial advisory and investment banking services for us and our affiliates for which they have received or will receive customary compensation.

 

Sales Outside the United States

 

No action has been taken in any jurisdiction (except in the United States) that would permit a public offering of the Notes, or the possession, circulation or distribution of this prospectus supplement or accompanying prospectus or any other material relating to us or the Notes in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required. Accordingly, the Notes may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, and none of this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus or any other offering material or advertisements in connection with the Notes may be distributed or published, in or from any country or jurisdiction except in compliance with any applicable rules and regulations of any such country or jurisdiction.

 

Each of the underwriters may arrange to sell the Notes offered hereby in certain jurisdictions outside the United States, either directly or through affiliates, where it is permitted to do so.

 

Electronic Delivery

 

The underwriters may make this prospectus supplement and accompanying prospectus available in an electronic format. The prospectus supplement and accompanying prospectus in electronic format may be made available on a website maintained by any of the underwriters, and the underwriters may distribute such documents electronically. The underwriters may agree with us to allocate a limited number of Notes for sale to their online brokerage customers. Any such allocation for online distributions will be made by the underwriters on the same basis as other allocations.

 

We and our Advisor have agreed to indemnify the several underwriters against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

 

The principal business address of Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. is 787 7th Avenue, 4th Floor, New York, New York 10019.

 

S-34

 

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

Certain legal matters regarding the Notes offered by this prospectus supplement will be passed upon for us by Dechert LLP. Certain legal matters in connection with the Notes offered hereby will be passed upon for the underwriters by Ropes & Gray LLP.

 

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

The consolidated financial statements of Horizon Technology Finance Corporation as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 and for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2021 incorporated in this Prospectus by reference from the Horizon Technology Finance Corporation Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 have been audited by RSM US LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report thereon, incorporated herein by reference, and have been incorporated in this Prospectus and Registration Statement in reliance upon such reports.

 

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

 

We incorporate by reference in this prospectus supplement the documents listed below and any future reports and other documents we file with the SEC pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, until all of the securities offered by this prospectus supplement have been sold or we otherwise terminate the offering of these securities (such reports and other documents deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and to be part hereof from the date of filing of such reports and other documents); provided, however, that information “furnished” under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K, or other information “furnished” to the SEC pursuant to the Exchange Act will not be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement:

 

    our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 1, 2022;
       
    our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on May 3, 2022; and
       
    our Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on April 22, 2022; and
       
    our Current Reports on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on February 28, 2022, March 1, 2022, March 14, 2022, May 3, 2022 and June 3, 2022.

 

Any reports filed by us with the SEC before the date that any offering of any securities by means of this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus is terminated will automatically update and, where applicable, supersede any information contained in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus or incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus.

 

To obtain copies of these filings, see “Available Information” in this prospectus supplement.

 

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

 

We have filed with the SEC a universal shelf registration statement, of which this prospectus supplement forms a part, on Form N-2, together with all amendments and related exhibits, under the Securities Act, with respect to the Notes offered by this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. The registration statement contains additional information about us and our shares of common stock being offered by this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus.

 

We file with or submit to the SEC annual, quarterly and current periodic reports, proxy statements and other information meeting the informational requirements of the Exchange Act. The SEC maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information filed electronically by us with the SEC at www.sec.gov. Copies of these reports, proxy and information statements and other information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov. We maintain a website at www.horizontechfinance.com and make all of our annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other publicly filed information available, free of charge, on or through our website. This information is also available, free of charge, by contacting us at 312 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, Connecticut 06032, Attention: Investor Relations, or by calling us collect at (860) 676-8654. Information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus, and you should not consider such information to be part of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus.

 

S-35

 

 

$350,000,000 

Horizon Technology Finance Corporation

 

Common Stock
Preferred Stock
Subscription Rights
Debt Securities
Warrants

 

We are a non-diversified closed-end management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”). We are externally managed by Horizon Technology Finance Management LLC, a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”). Our investment objective is to maximize our investment portfolio’s total return by generating current income from the debt investments we make and capital appreciation from the warrants we receive when making such debt investments. We make secured debt investments to development stage companies in the technology, life science, healthcare information and services and sustainability industries.

 

We may offer, from time to time, in one or more offerings or series, together or separately, up to $350,000,000 of our common stock, preferred stock, subscription rights, debt securities or warrants representing rights to purchase shares of our common stock, preferred stock or debt securities, which we refer to, collectively, as the “securities.”

 

We may sell our securities through underwriters or dealers, “at-the-market” to or through a market maker into an existing trading market or otherwise directly to one or more purchasers or through agents or through a combination of methods of sale. The identities of such underwriters, dealers, market makers or agents, as the case may be, will be described in one or more supplements to this prospectus. The securities may be offered at prices and on terms to be described in one or more supplements to this prospectus. In the event we offer common stock or warrants or rights to acquire such common stock hereunder, the offering price per share of our common stock less any underwriting commissions or discounts will not be less than the net asset value per share of our common stock at the time we make the offering except (1) in connection with the exercise of certain warrants, options or rights whose issuance has been approved by our stockholders at an exercise or conversion price not less than the market value of our common stock at the date of issuance (or, if no such market value exists, the net asset value per share of our common stock as of such date); (2) to the extent such an offer or sale is approved by our stockholders and by our board of directors (our “Board”); or (3) under such other circumstances as may be permitted under the 1940 Act or by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).

 

Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “HRZN”. In addition, our 4.875% Notes due 2026 trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol “HTFB”. On June 28, 2021, the last reported sale price of a share of our common stock on Nasdaq was $17.24. The net asset value per share of our common stock at March 31, 2021 (the last date prior to the date of this prospectus on which we determined net asset value) was $11.07.

 

Shares of closed-end investment companies, including BDCs, frequently trade at a discount to their net asset value. If our shares trade at a discount to net asset value, it may increase the risk of loss for purchasers in an offering made pursuant to this prospectus or any related prospectus supplement. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties, including the risk of leverage and dilution, described in the section titled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 11 of this prospectus or otherwise incorporated by reference herein and included in, or incorporated by reference into, the applicable prospectus supplement and in any free writing prospectuses we have authorized for use in connection with a specific offering, and under similar headings in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus before investing in our securities.

 

This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement contain important information you should know before investing in our securities and should be retained for future reference. We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information about us with the SEC. We maintain a website at www.horizontechfinance.com and intend to make all of the foregoing information available, free of charge, on or through our website. You may also obtain such information by contacting us at 312 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, Connecticut 06032, or by calling us collect at (860) 676-8654. The SEC maintains a website at www.sec.gov where such information is available without charge. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus, and you should not consider information contained on our website to be part of this prospectus.

 

The individual securities in which we invest will not be rated by any rating agency. If they were, they would be rated as below investment grade or “junk.” Indebtedness of below investment grade quality has predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal.

 

Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

This prospectus may not be used to consummate sales of securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.

 

 

 

The date of this prospectus is July 21, 2021

 

 

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus or any accompanying supplement to this prospectus. We have not authorized any other person to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. We are not making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement do not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security other than the registered securities to which they relate. You should assume that the information in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date of this prospectus. Our business, financial condition and prospects may have changed since that date. We will update this prospectus to reflect material changes to the information contained herein.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
About this Prospectus   ii
Prospectus Summary   1
Offerings   6
Fees and Expenses   8
Selected Consolidated Financial and Other Data   10
Risk Factors   11
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements   12
Use of Proceeds   13
Price Range of Common Stock and Distributions   14
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   16
Senior Securities   17
Business   18
Portfolio Companies   19
Management   24
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions   25
Our Advisor   26
Investment Management and Administration Agreements   27
Control Persons and Principal Stockholders   28
Determination of Net Asset Value   29
Dividend Reinvestment Plan   31
Description of Our Securities   33
Description of Common Stock That We May Issue   34
Description of Preferred Stock That We May Issue   39
Description of Subscription Rights That We May Issue   40
Description of Debt Securities That We May Issue   41
Description of Warrants That We May Issue   51
Regulation   52
Brokerage Allocations and Other Practices   53
Plan of Distribution   54
Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations   56
Custodian, Transfer Agent, Dividend Paying Agent and Registrar   64
Legal Matters   64
Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   64
Incorporation by Reference   64
Available Information   65

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, using the “shelf” registration process. Under the shelf registration process, we may offer, from time to time, up to $350,000,000 of our common stock, preferred stock, subscription rights, debt securities or warrants representing rights to purchase shares of our common stock, preferred stock or debt securities on terms to be determined at the time of the offering.

 

This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities that we may offer. Each time we use this prospectus to offer securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you that may contain material information relating to these offerings. In a prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, we may also add, update, or change any of the information contained in this prospectus or in the documents we have incorporated by reference into this prospectus. This prospectus, together with the applicable prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectus, and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, will include all material information relating to the applicable offering. Before buying any of the securities being offered, please carefully read this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement, any free writing prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement.

 

This prospectus may contain estimates and information concerning our industry, including market size and growth rates of the markets in which we participate, that are based on industry publications and other third-party reports. This information involves many assumptions and limitations, and you are cautioned not to give undue weight to these estimates. We have not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the data contained in these industry publications and reports. The industry in which we operate is subject to a high degree of uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described or referenced in the section titled “Risk Factors,” that could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in these publications and reports.

 

This prospectus includes summaries of certain provisions contained in some of the documents described in this prospectus, but reference is made to the actual documents for complete information. All of the summaries are qualified in their entirety by the actual documents. Copies of some of the documents referred to herein have been filed or incorporated by reference, or will be filed or incorporated by reference, as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and you may obtain copies of those documents as described in the section titled “Available Information.”

 

You should rely only on the information included or incorporated by reference into this prospectus, any prospectus supplement or in any free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf or to which we have referred you. We have not authorized any dealer, salesperson or other person to provide you with different information or to make representations as to matters not stated in this prospectus, in any accompanying prospectus supplement or in any free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf or to which we have referred you. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. This prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement and any free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf or to which we have referred you do not constitute an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, any securities by any person in any jurisdiction where it is unlawful for that person to make such an offer or solicitation or to any person in any jurisdiction to whom it is unlawful to make such an offer or solicitation. You should not assume that the information included or incorporated by reference into this prospectus, in any accompanying prospectus supplement or in any such free writing prospectus is accurate as of any date other than their respective dates. Our financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since any such date. To the extent required by law, we will amend or supplement the information contained or incorporated by reference into this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement to reflect any material changes to such information subsequent to the date of the prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement and prior to the completion of any offering pursuant to the prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement.

ii 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

This summary highlights some of the information included elsewhere in this prospectus or incorporated by reference. It is not complete and may not contain all of the information that you should consider before making your investment decision. You should carefully read the entire prospectus, the applicable prospectus supplement, and any related free writing prospectus, including the risks of investing in our securities discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in the applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, and under similar headings in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement. Before making your investment decision, you should also carefully read the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus, including our financial statements and related notes, and the exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Any yield information contained or incorporated by reference into this prospectus related to investments in our investment portfolio is not intended to approximate a return on your investment in us and does not take into account other aspects of our business, including our operating and other expenses, or other costs incurred by you in connection with your investment in us

 

In this prospectus, except where the context suggests otherwise, the terms:

 

  “we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company” and “Horizon Technology Finance” refer to Horizon Technology Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries;
  The “Advisor” and the “Administrator” refer to Horizon Technology Finance Management LLC, a Delaware limited liability company;
  “Key” refers to KeyBank National Association and “Key Facility” refers to the revolving credit facility with Key;
  “NYL Noteholders” refers to several entities owned or affiliated with New York Life Insurance Company and  “NYL Facility” refers to the credit facility where the notes are issued to the NYL Noteholders;
  “Credit Facilities” refers to collectively the Key Facility and the NYL Facility;
  “2026 Notes” or “Debt Securities” refers to the $57.5 million aggregate principal amount of our 4.875% unsecured notes due 2026, which were issued by us in March 2021; and
  “2019-1 Securitization” refers to the $160.0 million securitization of secured loans we completed on August 13, 2019.

 

Our company

 

We are a specialty finance company that lends to and invests in development-stage companies in the technology, life science, healthcare information and services and sustainability industries, which we refer to as our “Target Industries.” Our investment objective is to maximize our investment portfolio’s total return by generating current income from the debt investments we make and capital appreciation from the warrants we receive when making such debt investments. We are focused on making secured debt investments, which we refer to as “Venture Loans,” to venture capital and private equity backed companies and publicly traded companies in our Target Industries, which we refer to as “Venture Lending.” Our debt investments are typically secured by first liens or first liens behind a secured revolving line of credit, or collectively, “Senior Term Loans.” Venture Lending is typically characterized by (1) the making of a secured debt investment after a venture capital or equity investment in the portfolio company has been made, which investment provides a source of cash to fund the portfolio company’s debt service obligations under the Venture Loan, (2) the senior priority of the Venture Loan which requires repayment of the Venture Loan prior to the equity investors realizing a return on their capital, (3) the amortization of the Venture Loan and (4) the lender’s receipt of warrants or other success fees with the making of the Venture Loan.

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We are an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company, or BDC, under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the 1940 Act. In addition, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we have elected to be treated as a regulated investment company, or RIC, under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. As a BDC, we are required to comply with regulatory requirements, including limitations on our use of debt. We are permitted to, and expect to, finance our investments through borrowings. Under Section 61(a)(2) of the 1940 Act we have received approval from our stockholders to reduce our asset coverage requirement from 200% to 150%. The amount of leverage that we may employ will depend on our assessment of market conditions and other factors at the time of any proposed borrowing. As a RIC, we generally are not subject to pay corporate-level income taxes on our investment company taxable income, determined without regard to any deductions for dividends paid, and our net capital gain that we distribute as dividends for U.S. federal income tax purposes to our stockholders as long as we meet certain source-of-income, distribution, asset diversification and other requirements.

 

We are externally managed and advised by our Advisor. Our Advisor manages our day-to-day operations and also provides all administrative services necessary for us to operate.

 

Our advisor

 

Our investment activities are managed by our Advisor, and we expect to continue to benefit from our Advisor’s ability to identify attractive investment opportunities, conduct diligence on and value prospective investments, negotiate investments and manage our portfolio of investments. In addition to the experience gained from the years that they have worked together both at our Advisor and prior to the formation of our Advisor, the members of our investment team have broad lending backgrounds, with substantial experience at a variety of commercial finance companies, technology banks and private debt funds, and have developed a broad network of contacts within the venture capital and private equity community. This network of contacts provides a principal source of investment opportunities.

 

Our Advisor is led by six senior managers including Robert D. Pomeroy, Jr., our Chief Executive Officer, Gerald A. Michaud, our President, Daniel R. Trolio, our Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, John C. Bombara, our Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer, Daniel S. Devorsetz, our Senior Vice President and Chief Investment Officer and Diane Earle, our Senior Vice President and Chief Credit Officer.

 

Our strategy

 

Our investment objective is to maximize our investment portfolio’s total return by generating current income from the loans we make and capital appreciation from the warrants we receive when making such debt investments. To further implement our business strategy, we expect our Advisor to continue to employ the following core strategies:

 

  Structured investments in the venture capital and private and public equity markets. We make loans to development-stage companies within our Target Industries typically in the form of secured loans. The secured debt structure provides a lower risk strategy, as compared to equity or unsecured debt investments, to participate in the emerging technology markets because the debt structures we typically utilize provide collateral against the downside risk of loss, provide return of capital in a much shorter timeframe through current-pay interest and amortization of principal and have a senior position to equity in the borrower’s capital structure in the case of insolvency, wind down or bankruptcy. Unlike venture capital and private equity investments, our investment returns and return of our capital do not require equity investment exits such as mergers and acquisitions or initial public offerings. Instead, we receive returns on our debt investments primarily through regularly scheduled payments of principal and interest and, if necessary, liquidation of the collateral supporting the debt investment upon a default. Only the potential gains from warrants depend upon equity investment exits.
  “Enterprise value” lending. We and our Advisor take an enterprise value approach to structuring and underwriting loans. Enterprise value includes the implied valuation based upon recent equity capital invested as well as the intrinsic value of the applicable portfolio company’s particular technology, service or customer base. We secure our lien position against the enterprise value of each portfolio company.
  Creative products with attractive risk-adjusted pricing. Each of our existing and prospective portfolio companies has its own unique funding needs for the capital provided from the proceeds of our Venture Loans. These funding needs include funds for additional development “runways”, funds to hire or retain sales staff or funds to invest in research and development in order to reach important technical milestones in advance of raising additional equity. Our loans include current-pay interest, commitment fees, end-of-term payments, or ETPs, pre-payment fees, success fees and non-utilization fees. We believe we have developed pricing tools, structuring techniques and valuation metrics that satisfy our portfolio companies’ financing requirements while mitigating risk and maximizing returns on our investments.

2

 

  Opportunity for enhanced returns. To enhance our debt investment portfolio returns, in addition to interest and fees, we frequently obtain warrants to purchase the equity of our portfolio companies as additional consideration for making debt investments. The warrants we obtain generally include a “cashless exercise” provision to allow us to exercise these rights without requiring us to make any additional cash investment. Obtaining warrants in our portfolio companies has allowed us to participate in the equity appreciation of our portfolio companies, which we expect will enable us to generate higher returns for our investors.
  Direct origination. We originate transactions directly with technology, life science, healthcare information and services and sustainability companies. These transactions are referred to our Advisor from a number of sources, including referrals from, or direct solicitation of, venture capital and private equity firms, portfolio company management teams, legal firms, accounting firms, investment banks, portfolio company advisors and other lenders that represent companies within our Target Industries. Our Advisor has been the sole or lead originator in substantially all transactions in which the funds it manages have invested.
  Disciplined and balanced underwriting and portfolio management. We use a disciplined underwriting process that includes obtaining information validation from multiple sources, extensive knowledge of our Target Industries, comparable industry valuation metrics and sophisticated financial analysis related to development-stage companies. Our Advisor’s due diligence on investment prospects includes obtaining and evaluating information on the prospective portfolio company’s technology, market opportunity, management team, fund raising history, investor support, valuation considerations, financial condition and projections. We seek to balance our investment portfolio to reduce the risk of down market cycles associated with any particular industry or sector, development-stage or geographic area by quarterly reviewing each criteria and, in the event there is an overconcentration, seeking investment opportunities to reduce such overconcentration. Our Advisor employs a “hands on” approach to portfolio management, requiring private portfolio companies to provide monthly financial information and to participate in regular updates on performance and future plans. For public companies, our Advisor typically relies on publicly reported quarterly financials.
  Use of leverage. We use leverage to increase returns on equity through our Credit Facilities, through our 2026 Notes and through our 2019-1 Securitization. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and capital resources” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information about our use of leverage. In addition, we may issue additional debt securities or preferred stock in one or more series in the future.

 

Market opportunity

 

We focus our investments primarily in our Target Industries. The technology sectors we focus on include communications, networking, data storage, software, cloud computing, semiconductor, internet and media and consumer-related technologies. The life science sectors we focus on include biotechnology, drug discovery, drug delivery, bioinformatics and medical devices. The healthcare information and services sectors we focus on include diagnostics, electronic medical record services and software and other healthcare related services and technologies that improve efficiency and quality of administered healthcare. The sustainability sectors we focus on include alternative energy, power management, energy efficiency, green building materials and waste recycling. We refer to all of these companies as “technology-related” companies because the companies are developing or offering goods and services to businesses and consumers which utilize scientific knowledge, including techniques, skills, methods, devices and processes, to solve problems. We intend, under normal market conditions, to invest at least 80% of the value of our total assets in such companies.

 

We believe that Venture Lending has the potential to achieve enhanced returns that are attractive notwithstanding the high degree of risk associated with lending to development-stage companies. Potential benefits include:

 

  interest rates that typically exceed rates that would be available to portfolio companies if they could borrow in traditional commercial financing transactions;
  the debt investment support provided by cash proceeds from equity capital invested by venture capital and private equity firms or access to public equity markets to access capital;

3

 

  relatively rapid amortization of principal;
  senior ranking to equity and collateralization of debt investments to minimize potential loss of capital; and
  potential equity appreciation through warrants.

 

We believe that Venture Lending also provides an attractive financing source for portfolio companies, their management teams and their equity capital investors, as it:

 

  is typically less dilutive to the equity holders than additional equity financing;
  extends the time period during which a portfolio company can operate before seeking additional equity capital or pursuing a sale transaction or other liquidity event; and
  allows portfolio companies to better match cash sources with uses.

 

Competitive strengths

 

We believe that we, together with our Advisor, possess significant competitive strengths, which include the following:

 

  Consistently execute commitments and close transactions.  Our Advisor and its senior management and investment professionals have an extensive track record of originating, underwriting and managing Venture Loans. Our Advisor and its predecessor have directly originated, underwritten and managed Venture Loans with an aggregate original principal amount over $2.0 billion to more than 270 companies since operations commenced in 2004.
  Robust direct origination capabilities.  Our Advisor has significant experience originating Venture Loans in our Target Industries. This experience has given our Advisor a deep knowledge of our Target Industries and an extensive base of transaction sources and references.
  Highly experienced and cohesive management team.  Most of our Advisor’s senior management team of experienced professionals has been together since our inception. This consistency allows companies, their management teams and their investors to rely on consistent and predictable service, loan products and terms and underwriting standard.
  Relationships with venture capital and private equity investors.  Our Advisor has developed strong relationships with venture capital and private equity firms and their partners.
  Well-known brand name.  Our Advisor has originated Venture Loans to more than 270 companies in our Target Industries under the “Horizon Technology Finance” brand.

 

Our portfolio

 

From the commencement of operations of our predecessor on March 4, 2008 through March 31, 2021, we funded debt investments to 270 portfolio companies and invested $2.0 billion in debt investments. As of March 31, 2021, our debt investment portfolio consisted of 37 debt investments with an aggregate fair value of $361.8 million. As of March 31, 2021, 97.4%, or $352.2 million, of our debt investment portfolio at fair value consisted of Senior Term Loans. As of March 31, 2021, our net assets were $217.7 million, and all of our debt investments were secured by all or a portion of the tangible and intangible assets of the applicable portfolio company. The debt investments in our portfolio are generally not rated by any rating agency. If the individual debt investments in our portfolio were rated, they would be rated below “investment grade”. Debt investments that are unrated or rated below investment grade are sometimes referred to as “junk bonds” and have predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, our dollar-weighted annualized yield on average debt investments was 15.2%. We calculate the dollar-weighted yield on average debt investments for any period as (1) total investment income during the period divided by (2) the average of the fair value of debt investments outstanding on (a) the last day of the calendar month immediately preceding the first day of the period and (b) the last day of each calendar month during the period. The dollar-weighted annualized yield on average debt investments is higher than what investors will realize because it does not reflect our expenses or any sales load paid by investors.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, our investment portfolio had an overall total yield of 14.4%. We calculate the dollar-weighted annualized yield on average investment type for any period as (1) total related investment income during the period divided by (2) the average of the fair value of the investment type outstanding on (a) the last day of the calendar month immediately preceding the first day of the period and (b) the last day of each calendar month during the period. The dollar-weighted annualized yield on average investment type is higher than what investors will realize because it does not reflect our expenses or any sales load paid by investors.

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See “Business” in Part I, Item 1 in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information about us.

 

Risk factors

 

Our business is subject to numerous risks, as described in the section titled “Risk Factors” in the applicable prospectus supplement and in any free writing prospectuses we have authorized for use in connection with a specific offering, and under similar headings in the documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus, including the section titled “Risk Factors” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, in our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as in any of our subsequent SEC filings.

 

Company information

 

Our administrative and executive offices and those of our Advisor are located at 312 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, Connecticut 06032, and our telephone number is (860) 676-8654. Our corporate website is located at www.horizontechfinance.com. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus, and you should not consider information contained on our website to be part of this prospectus.

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OFFERINGS

 

We may offer, from time to time, up to $350,000,000 of our common stock, preferred stock, subscription rights, debt securities and/or warrants representing rights to purchase shares of our common stock, preferred stock or debt securities on terms to be determined at the time of the offering. Any debt securities, preferred stock, warrants and subscription rights offered by means of this prospectus may be convertible or exchangeable into shares of our common stock, on terms to be determined at the time of the offering. We will offer our securities at prices and on terms to be set forth in one or more supplements to this prospectus and any related free writing prospectus.

 

We may offer our securities directly to one or more purchasers, including existing stockholders in a rights offering, through agents that we designate from time to time or to or through underwriters or dealers. The prospectus supplement relating to each offering will identify any agents or underwriters involved in the sale of our securities and will set forth any applicable purchase price, fee, commission or discount arrangement between us and our agents or underwriters or among our underwriters or the basis upon which such amount may be calculated. See “Plan of Distribution.” We may not sell any of our securities through agents, underwriters or dealers without delivery of a prospectus supplement describing the method and terms of the offering of our securities.

 

Set forth below is additional information regarding offerings of our securities:

 

   
Use of proceeds   We intend to use the net proceeds from selling our securities to make new investments in portfolio companies in accordance with our investment objective and strategies as described in this prospectus and for working capital and general corporate purposes.
   
Listing   Our common stock is traded on Nasdaq under the symbol “HRZN.” Our 2026 Notes trade on the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, under the ticker symbol “HTFB.”
   
Distributions   We intend to continue to pay monthly distributions to our stockholders out of assets legally available for distribution. Our distributions, if any, will be determined by our Board. Our ability to declare distributions depends on our earnings, our overall financial condition (including our liquidity position), maintenance of RIC status and such other factors as our Board may deem relevant from time to time.

 

    To the extent our taxable earnings fall below the total amount of our distributions for any given fiscal year, a portion of those distributions may be deemed to be a return of capital to our common stockholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Thus, the source of a distribution to our stockholders may be the original capital invested by the stockholder rather than our income or gains. Stockholders should read any written disclosure accompanying a distribution payment carefully and should not assume that the source of any distribution is our ordinary income or gains.
   
Taxation   We have elected to be treated as a RIC. Accordingly, we generally will not incur corporate-level income taxes on any investment company taxable income determined without regard to any deductions for dividends paid and net capital gains that we distribute as dividends for U.S. federal income tax purposes to our stockholders. To maintain RIC tax treatment, we must meet specified source-of-income and asset diversification requirements and distribute annually an amount generally equal to 90% of our investment company taxable income, determined without regard to any deduction for dividends paid.
   
Leverage     We borrow funds to make additional investments. We use this practice, which is known as “leverage,” to attempt to increase returns to our stockholders, but it involves significant risks. See “Risk Factors.” As of this prospectus, we are allowed to borrow amounts such that our asset coverage, as calculated pursuant to the 1940 Act, equals at least 150% after such borrowing (i.e., we are able to borrow up to two dollars for every dollar we have in assets less all liabilities and indebtedness not represented by senior securities issued by us). For more information, see “Item 7—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and  “Item 1A — Risk Factors — General Risk Factors — We borrow money, which magnifies the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested and may increase the risk of investing in us” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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Trading at a discount     Shares of closed-end investment companies, including BDCs, frequently trade at a discount to their net asset value. This risk is separate and distinct from the risk that our net asset value per share may decline. We cannot predict whether our common stock will trade above, at or below net asset value.
   
Dividend Reinvestment Plan     We have adopted a DRIP for our stockholders. The dividend reinvestment plan is an “opt out” DRIP. As a result, distributions to our stockholders are automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, unless a stockholder specifically “opts out” of the DRIP so as to receive cash distributions. Stockholders who receive distributions in the form of stock will generally be subject to the same federal, state and local tax consequences as stockholders who elect to receive their distributions in cash. See “Dividend Reinvestment Plan.”
   
Sales of common stock below net asset value     In the event we offer common stock or warrants or rights to acquire such common stock, the offering price per share of our common stock less any underwriting commissions or discounts will not be less than the net asset value per share of our common stock at the time we make the offering except (1) in connection with the exercise of certain warrants, options or rights whose issuance has been approved by our stockholders at an exercise or conversion price not less than the market value of our common stock at the date of issuance (or, if no such market value exists, the net asset value per share of our common stock as of such date); (2) to the extent such an offer or sale is approved by stockholders holding a majority of our outstanding securities and our Board; or (3) under such other circumstances as may be permitted under the 1940 Act or by the SEC. For purposes of (2) above, a “majority” of outstanding securities is defined in the 1940 Act as (i) 67% or more of the voting securities present at a stockholders’ meeting if the holders of more than 50% of our outstanding voting securities are present or represented by proxy; or (ii) 50% of our outstanding voting securities, whichever is less.
   
Available information  

We are required to file periodic reports, current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. This information is available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. You may also obtain such information by contacting us at 312 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, Connecticut 06032 or by calling us at (860) 676-8654. We intend to provide much of the same information on our website at www.horizontechfinance.com. Information contained on our website is not part of this prospectus or any prospectus supplement and should not be relied upon as such. 

     
Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference   This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we have filed with the SEC. In accordance with the Small Business Credit Availability Act, or SBCAA, we are allowed to “incorporate by reference” the information that we file with the SEC, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to comprise a part of this prospectus from the date we file that information. Any reports filed by us with the SEC subsequent to the date of this prospectus until we have sold all of the securities offered by this prospectus or the offering is otherwise terminated will automatically update and, where applicable, supersede any information contained in this prospectus or incorporated by reference into this prospectus. See “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference” in this prospectus.

7

 

FEES AND EXPENSES

 

The following table is intended to assist you in understanding the costs and expenses that an investor will bear directly or indirectly. However, we caution you that some of the percentages indicated in the table below are estimates and may vary. The following table and example should not be considered a representation of our future expenses. Actual expenses may be greater or less than shown. Except where the context suggests otherwise, whenever this prospectus contains a reference to fees or expenses paid by “you” or “us” or that “we” will pay fees or expenses, stockholders will indirectly bear such fees or expenses as investors in the Company.

 

       
Stockholder Transaction Expenses      
Sales Load (as a percentage of offering price)   %(1) 
Offering Expenses (as a percentage of offering price)   %(2) 
Dividend Reinvestment Plan Fees   %(3) 
Total Stockholder Transaction Expenses (as a percentage of offering price)   % 
   
Annual Expenses (as a Percentage of Net Assets Attributable to Common Shares)(4)      
Base Management Fees   4.02 %(5) 
Incentive Fees Payable Under the Investment Management Agreement   3.17 %(6) 
Interest Payments on Borrowed Funds   5.44 %(7) 
Other Expenses (estimated for the current fiscal year)   1.72 %(8) 
Total Annual Expenses   14.35 %(9) 

 

 

(1) In the event that securities to which this prospectus relates are sold to or through underwriters or agents, a corresponding prospectus supplement will disclose the applicable sales load.
(2) In the event that we conduct an offering of any of our securities, a corresponding prospectus supplement will disclose the estimated offering expenses because they will be ultimately borne by the stockholders.
(3) The expenses of the DRIP are included in “Other Expenses” in the table. For instance, if a participant directs the plan administrator to sell part or all of the shares held by the plan administrator in the participant’s account and to remit the proceeds of such sale to the participant, then the plan administrator is authorized to deduct a $15.00 transaction fee plus a $0.10 per share trading fee from such proceeds. See “Dividend Reinvestment Plan.”
(4) Net Assets Attributable to Common Stock is based on our net assets at March 31, 2021.
(5)

Our base management fee under the Investment Management Agreement is based on our gross assets, less cash and cash equivalents, which includes assets acquired using leverage, including any leverage incurred under this prospectus, and is payable monthly in arrears. The management fee referenced in the table above is based on our gross assets, less cash and cash equivalents, of $388 million as of March 31, 2021, including assets to be or will be acquired using leverage over the next twelve months, which management estimates will be in the amount of $117 million. See Note 3 “Related Party Transactions—Investment Management Agreement” of our Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. 

(6)

The incentive payable to our Advisor represents our estimated annual expense incurred under the first part of the incentive fee payable under the Investment Management Agreement over the next twelve months. As of March 31, 2021, our cumulative realized capital gains and unrealized capital appreciation did not exceed our cumulative realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation. Given our strategy of investing primarily in Venture Loans, which are fixed-income assets, we believe it is unlikely that our cumulative realized capital gains and unrealized capital appreciation will exceed our cumulative realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation in the next twelve months. Consequently, we do not expect to incur any Incentive Fee Capital Gains during the next twelve months. As we cannot predict the occurrence of any capital gains from the portfolio, we have assumed no Incentive Fee Capital Gains. See Note 3 “Related Party Transactions—Investment Management Agreement” of our Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. 

(7)

Interest payments on borrowed funds represent our estimated annual interest payments on borrowed funds based on current debt levels as adjusted for projected increases in debt levels over the next twelve months. 

(8)

Includes our overhead expenses, including payments under the Administration Agreement, based on our allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by the Administrator in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement. See Note 3 “Related Party Transactions— Administration Agreement” of our Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. “Other Expenses” are based on estimated amounts to be incurred during the current fiscal year. 

(9) “Total Annual Expenses” as a percentage of consolidated net assets attributable to common stock are higher than the total annual expenses percentage would be for a company that is not leveraged. We borrow money to leverage our net assets and increase our total assets. The SEC requires that the “Total Annual Expenses” percentage be calculated as a percentage of net assets (defined as total assets less indebtedness and after taking into account any incentive fees payable during the period), rather than the total assets, including assets that have been funded with borrowed monies.

8

 

Example

 

The following example demonstrates the projected dollar amount of total cumulative expenses that would be incurred over various periods with respect to a hypothetical investment in our common stock. In calculating the following expense amounts, we have assumed that our annual operating expenses remain at the levels set forth in the table above. In the event that shares to which this prospectus relates are sold to or through underwriters or agents, a corresponding prospectus supplement will restate this example to reflect the applicable sales load and estimated offering expenses.

 

    1 Year   3 Years   5 Years   10 Years
You would pay the following expenses on a $1,000 investment, assuming a 5% annual return (assumes no return from net realized capital gains or net unrealized capital appreciation)   $ 136.79     $ 373.20     $ 567.47     $ 914.83  

 

The example and the expenses in the tables above should not be considered a representation of our future expenses, and actual expenses may be greater or lesser than those shown.

 

While the example assumes, as required by the applicable rules of the SEC, a 5% annual return, our performance will vary and may result in a return greater or less than 5%. The incentive fee under the Investment Management Agreement is unlikely to be significant assuming a 5% annual return and is not included in the example. This illustration assumes that we will not realize any capital gains (computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation) in any of the indicated time periods. If we achieve sufficient returns on our investments, including through the realization of capital gains, to trigger an incentive fee of a material amount, our distributions to our common stockholders and our expenses would likely be higher.

 

The following example demonstrates the projected dollar amount of total cumulative expenses that would be incurred over various periods with respect to a hypothetical investment in our common stock assuming a 5% annual return derived entirely from capital gains.

 

    1 Year   3 Years   5 Years   10 Years
You would pay the following expenses on a $1,000 investment, assuming a 5% annual return (assumes return from only realized capital gains and thus subject to the capital gains incentive fee)   $ 117.43     $ 327.59     $ 508.66     $ 859.12  

 

In addition, while the examples assume reinvestment of all dividends and other distributions at net asset value, participants in our DRIP receive a number of shares of our common stock determined by dividing the total dollar amount of the distribution payable to a participant by the market price per share of our common stock at the close of trading on the valuation date for the distribution. This price may be at, above or below net asset value. See “Dividend Reinvestment Plan” for additional information regarding our DRIP.

9

 

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA

 

The information in “Item 6. Selected Consolidated Financial Data” of our most recent annual report on Form 10-K, “Part I — Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities” of our most recent quarterly report on Form 10-Q and “Part I — Consolidated Statements of Operations” of our most recent quarterly report on Form 10-Q is incorporated by reference herein.

10

 

RISK FACTORS

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described in the section titled “Risk Factors” in the applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, and discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any subsequent filings we have made with the SEC that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, together with other information in this prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, and any free writing prospectus that we may authorize for use in connection with this offering. The risks described in these documents are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that we are unaware of, or that we currently believe are not material, may also become important factors that adversely affect our business. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods. If any of these risks actually occurs, our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations, revenue, and future prospects could be seriously harmed. This could cause our net asset value and the trading price of our securities to decline, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment. Please also read carefully the section titled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this prospectus.

11

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus, including the documents we incorporate by reference herein, contains, and any applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, including the documents we incorporate by reference therein, contain forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us or are within our control. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements but advise you to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we may file in the future with the SEC, including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements or historical performance:

 

  our future operating results, including the performance of our existing debt investments, warrants and other investments;

 

  the introduction, withdrawal, success and timing of business initiatives and strategies;

 

  general economic and political trends and other external factors, including the current COVID-19 pandemic;

 

  the relative and absolute investment performance and operations of our Advisor;

 

  the impact of increased competition;

 

  the impact of investments we intend to make and future acquisitions and divestitures;

 

  the unfavorable resolution of legal proceedings;

 

  our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies, including our and their ability to achieve our respective objectives as a result of the current COVID-19 pandemic;

 

  the impact, extent and timing of technological changes and the adequacy of intellectual property protection;

 

  our regulatory structure and tax status;

 

  our ability to qualify and maintain qualification as a RIC and as a BDC;

 

  the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital;

 

  the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies;

 

  the impact of interest rate volatility on our results, particularly if we use leverage as part of our investment strategy;

 

  the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;

 

  the impact of legislative and regulatory actions and reforms and regulatory, supervisory or enforcement actions of government agencies relating to us or our Advisor;

 

  our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

 

  our ability to access capital and any future financings by us;

 

  the ability of our Advisor to attract and retain highly talented professionals; and

 

  the impact of changes to tax legislation and, generally, our tax position.

 

This prospectus, and other statements that we may make, may contain forward-looking statements with respect to future financial or business performance, strategies or expectations. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as “trend,” “opportunity,” “pipeline,” “believe,” “comfortable,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “current,” “intention,” “estimate,” “position,” “assume,” “plan,” “potential,” “project,” “outlook,” “continue,” “remain,” “maintain,” “sustain,” “seek,” “achieve” and similar expressions, or future or conditional verbs such as “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may” or similar expressions.

 

Any forward-looking statement made by us in this prospectus speaks only as of the date on which we make it. Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. You are advised to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we have filed or in the future may file with the SEC, including our annual reports on Form 10-K, registration statements on Form N-2, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and definitive proxy statements on Schedule 14A. Under Sections 27A(b)(2)(B) of the Securities Act and Section 21E(b)(2)(B) of the Exchange Act, the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 do not apply to statements made in connection with any offering of securities pursuant to this prospectus or in the periodic reports we file under the Exchange Act.

12

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Unless otherwise specified in any prospectus supplement accompanying this prospectus, we intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of our securities for investment in portfolio companies in accordance with our investment objective and strategies as described in this prospectus and for working capital and general corporate purposes. We may also use a portion of the net proceeds from the sale of our securities to repay amounts outstanding under the Credit Facilities. We may also use a portion of the net proceeds to redeem the 2026 Notes after they are subject to optional redemption in March 2023. The 2026 Notes bear interest at an annual rate of 4.875% and otherwise mature on March 30, 2026. The supplement to this prospectus relating to an offering will more fully identify the use of proceeds from such offering. We estimate that it will take up to six months for us to substantially invest the net proceeds of any offering made pursuant to this prospectus, depending on the availability of attractive opportunities and market conditions. However, we can offer no assurances that we will be able to achieve this goal.

 

Pending such use, we will invest the remaining net proceeds of this offering primarily in cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and high-quality debt investments that mature in one year or less from the date of investment. These temporary investments may have lower yields than our other investments and, accordingly, may result in lower distributions, if any, during such period. See “Business—Regulation—Temporary Investments” in Part I, Item 1 in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information about temporary investments we may make while waiting to make longer-term investments in pursuit of our investment objective.

13

 

PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK AND DISTRIBUTIONS

 

Our common stock is traded on Nasdaq, under the symbol “HRZN”. The following table sets forth, for each fiscal quarter since January 1, 2019, the range of high and low closing sales price of our common stock, the premium or discount of the closing sales price to our NAV and the distributions declared per share by us.

 

            Closing Sales Price     Premium/ Discount of High Sales Price to    

Premium/ Discount of Low Sales Price to

      Distributions Declared Per  
Period   NAV(1)     High     Low     NAV(2)     NAV(2)     Share(3)  
Year ended December 31, 2021                                                
Second Quarter(4)   $ *     $ 17.83      $ 14.57       *       *     $ 0.30  
First Quarter   $ 11.07     $ 15.01     $ 12.60       36     14   $ 0.30  
Year ended December 31, 2020                                                
Fourth Quarter   $ 11.02     $ 13.33     $ 11.30       21     3   $ 0.30  
Third Quarter   $ 11.17     $ 12.48     $ 10.87       12     (3 )%    $ 0.30  
Second Quarter   $ 11.64     $ 11.95     $ 7.09       3     (39 )%    $ 0.30  
First Quarter   $ 11.48     $ 13.69     $ 5.25       19     (54 )%    $ 0.35  
Year ended December 31, 2019                                                
Fourth Quarter   $ 11.83     $ 12.93     $ 11.67       9     (1 )%    $ 0.30  
Third Quarter   $ 11.67     $ 12.23     $ 11.80       5     1   $ 0.30  
Second Quarter   $ 11.60     $ 12.05     $ 11.62       4       $ 0.30  
First Quarter   $ 11.55     $ 13.41     $ 11.05       16     (4 )%    $ 0.30  

 

 

  (1) NAV per share determined as of the last day in the relevant quarter and therefore may not reflect the NAV per share on the date of the high and low sales prices. The NAVs shown are based on outstanding shares at the end of each period.
  (2) Calculated as of the respective high or low closing sales price divided by the quarter end NAV.
  (3) We have adopted an “opt out” DRIP for our common stockholders. As a result, if we declare a distribution, then stockholders’ cash distributions are automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, unless they specifically opt out of the DRIP so as to receive cash distributions.
  (4) Through June 28, 2021.
     
  * Not yet determined at the time of filing.

 

The last reported price for our common stock on June 28, 2021 was $17.24 per share. Our NAV per share on March 31, 2021 (the last date prior to the date of this prospectus on which we determined NAV) was $11.07. The closing sales price of our shares on Nasdaq on that date was $14.57, which represented a 32% premium to NAV per share. As of June 28, 2021 we had 18 stockholders of record, which did not include stockholders for whom shares are held in nominee or “street” name.

 

Shares of BDCs may trade at a market price that is less than the NAV that is attributable to those shares. The possibility that our shares of common stock will trade at a discount from NAV or at a premium that is unsustainable over the long term is separate and distinct from the risk that our NAV will decrease. It is not possible to predict whether our shares will trade at, above or below NAV in the future.

14

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

On April 23, 2021, our Board extended a previously authorized stock repurchase plan which allows us to repurchase up to $5.0 million of our outstanding common stock. Unless extended by our Board, the repurchase program will expire on the earlier of June 30, 2022 and the repurchase of $5.0 million of common stock. The following table provides information regarding our purchases of our common stock for each quarter since the announcement of the stock repurchase plan through the quarter ended March 31, 2021:

 

Period   Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased
    Average Price
Paid per Share
    Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced
Plans or
Programs
    Approximate
Dollar Value of
Shares that May
Yet Be
Purchased Under
the Plans or
Programs
 
    (In thousands, except share and per share data)
October 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015     113,382     $ 11.53       113,382     $ 3,693  
January 1, 2016 through March 31, 2016         $           $ 3,693  
April 1, 2016 through June 30, 2016         $           $ 3,693  
July 1, 2016 through September 30, 2016     1,319     $ 11.54       1,319     $ 3,678  
October 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016     46,841     $ 10.63       46,841     $ 3,180  
January 1, 2017 through March 31, 2017         $           $ 3,180  
April 1, 2017 through June 30, 2017         $           $ 3,180  
July 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017     5,923     $ 9.97       5,923     $ 3,121  
October 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017         $           $ 3,121  
January 1, 2018 through March 31, 2018         $           $ 3,121  
April 1, 2018 through June 30, 2018         $           $ 3,121  
July 1, 2018 through September 30, 2018         $           $ 3,121  
October 1, 2018 through December 31, 2018         $           $ 3,121  
January 1, 2019 through March 31, 2019         $           $ 3,121  
April 1, 2019 through June 30, 2019         $           $ 3,121  
July 1, 2019 through September 30, 2019         $           $ 3,121  
October 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019         $           $ 3,121  
January 1, 2020 through March 31, 2020         $           $ 3,121  
April 1, 2020 through June 30, 2020         $           $ 3,121  
July 1, 2020 through September 30, 2020         $           $ 3,121  
October 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020         $           $ 3,121  
January 1, 2021 through March 31, 2021         $           $ 3,121  
Total     167,465     $ 11.22       167,465          

 

Any shares repurchased by us may have the effect of maintaining the market price of our common stock or retarding a decline in the market price of the common stock, and, as a result, the price of our common stock may be higher than the price that otherwise might exist in the open market. In addition, as any shares repurchased pursuant to the stock repurchase plan will be purchased at a price below the net asset value per share as reported in our most recent financial statements, share repurchases may have the effect of increasing our net asset value per share.

 

Distributions

 

We intend to continue making monthly distributions to our stockholders. The timing and amount of our monthly distributions, if any, is determined by our Board. Any distributions to our stockholders are declared out of assets legally available for distribution. We monitor available net investment income to determine if a tax return of capital may occur for the fiscal year. To the extent our taxable earnings fall below the total amount of our distributions for any given fiscal year, a portion of those distributions may be considered a return of capital to our common stockholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Thus, the source of distribution to our stockholders may be the original capital invested by the stockholder rather than our income or gains. Stockholders should read any written disclosure accompanying a distribution payment carefully and should not assume that the source of any distribution is our ordinary income or gains.

 

In order to qualify to be subject to tax as a RIC, we must meet certain source-of-income, asset diversification and annual distribution requirements. Generally, in order to qualify as a RIC, we must derive at least 90% of our gross income during each tax year from dividends, interest, payments with respect to certain securities, loans, gains from the sale or other disposition of stock, securities or foreign currencies, or other income derived with respect to our business of investing in stock or other securities. We must also meet certain asset diversification requirements at the end of each quarter of each tax year. Failure to meet these diversification requirements on the last day of a quarter may result in us having to dispose of certain investments quickly in order to prevent the loss of RIC status. Any such dispositions could be made at disadvantageous prices or times, and may cause us to incur substantial losses.

15

 

In addition, in order to be eligible for the special tax treatment accorded to RICs and to avoid the imposition of corporate level tax on the income and gains we distribute to our stockholders, each tax year we are required under the Code to distribute as dividends of an amount generally at least 90% of our investment company taxable income, determined without regard to any deduction for dividends paid to our stockholders. We refer to such amount as the Annual Distribution Requirement. Additionally, we must distribute, in respect of each calendar year, dividends of an amount generally at least equal to the sum of 98% of our calendar year net ordinary income (taking into account certain deferrals and elections); 98.2% of our capital gain net income (adjusted for certain ordinary losses) for the one year period ending on October 31 of such calendar year; and any net ordinary income or capital gain net income for preceding years that was not distributed during such years and on which we previously did not incur any U.S. federal income tax in order to avoid the imposition of a 4% U.S. federal excise tax. If we fail to qualify as a RIC for any reason and become subject to corporate income tax, the resulting corporate income taxes could substantially reduce our net assets, the amount of income available for distribution and the amount of our distributions. Such a failure would have a material adverse effect on us and our stockholders. In addition, we could be required to recognize unrealized gains, incur substantial taxes and interest and make substantial distributions in order to re-qualify as a RIC. We cannot assure stockholders that they will receive any distributions.

 

Depending on the level of taxable income earned in a tax year, we may choose to carry forward taxable income in excess of current year distributions into the next tax year and pay a 4% U.S. federal excise tax on such undistributed income. Distributions of any such carryover taxable income must be made through a distribution declared as of the earlier of the filing date of the corporate income tax return related to the tax year in which such taxable income was generated or the 15th day of the ninth month following the end of such tax year, in order to count towards the satisfaction of the Annual Distribution Requirement for the tax year in which such taxable income was generated. We can offer no assurance that we will achieve results that will permit the payment of any cash distributions and, if we issue senior securities, we may be prohibited from making distributions if doing so causes us to fail to maintain the asset coverage stipulated by the 1940 Act or if distributions are limited by the terms of any of our borrowings. See “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations.”

 

We have adopted an “opt out” DRIP for our common stockholders. As a result, if we make a distribution, then stockholders’ cash distributions are automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, unless they specifically opt out of the DRIP. If a stockholder opts out, that stockholder receives cash distributions. Although distributions paid in the form of additional shares of common stock are generally subject to U.S. federal, state and local taxes, stockholders participating in our DRIP do not receive any corresponding cash distributions with which to pay any such applicable taxes. We may use newly issued shares to implement the DRIP, or we may purchase shares in the open market in connection with our obligations under the DRIP.

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The information in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and in Part 1, Item 2 of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is incorporated herein by reference.

16

 

SENIOR SECURITIES

 

Information about our senior securities is shown in the following table as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011 and 2010. The information as of December 31, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016 was included in or derived from our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, which were audited by RSM US LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm. This information about our senior securities should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

Class and Year   Total Amount Outstanding Exclusive of Treasury Securities(1)   Asset Coverage per Unit(2)   Involuntary Liquidation Preference per Unit(3)  

Average Market

Value per Unit(4)

 
    (in thousands, except unit data) 
Credit facilities                     
2021 (as of March 31)   $50,750    9,129        N/A 
2020   $50,250    7,965        N/A 
2019   $17,000    19,908        N/A 
2018   $90,500    2,896        N/A 
2017   $58,000   $3,973        N/A 
2016   $63,000   $3,733        N/A 
2015   $68,000   $4,048        N/A 
2014   $10,000   $22,000        N/A 
2013   $10,000   $25,818        N/A 
2012   $56,020   $4,177        N/A 
2011   $64,571   $3,012        N/A 
2010   $87,425   $2,455        N/A 
2022 Notes                     
2021 (as of March 31)   $37,375    12,396        25.29 
2020   $37,375    10,708        24.60 
2019   $37,375    9,055        25.53 
2018   $37,375    7,014        25.52 
2017   $37,375   $6,166       $25.66 
2026 Notes                     
2021 (as of March 31)   $57,500    8,057        25.00 
2019 Notes                     
2021 (as of March 31)                 
2020                 
2019                 
2018                 
2017                 
2016   $33,000   $7,127       $25.42 
2015   $33,000   $8,342       $25.26 
2014   $33,000   $6,667       $25.64 
2013   $33,000   $7,824       $25.70 
2012   $33,000   $7,091       $25.38 
2019-1 Securitization                     
2021 (as of March 31)   $100,000    4,633        N/A 
2020   $100,000    4,002        N/A 
2019   $100,000    3,384        N/A 
2013-1 Securitization                     
2021 (as of March 31)                N/A 
2020                N/A 
2019                N/A 
2018                N/A 
2017                N/A 
2016                N/A 
2015   $14,546   $18,926        N/A 
2014   $38,753   $5,677        N/A 
2013   $79,343   $3,254        N/A  
Total senior securities                     
2021 (as of March 31)   $245,625   $1,886        N/A 
2020   $187,625   $2,133        N/A 
2019   $154,375   $2,192        N/A 
2018   $127,875   $2,050        N/A 
2017   $95,375   $2,416        N/A 
2016   $96,000   $2,450        N/A 
2015   $115,546   $2,383        N/A 
2014   $81,753   $2,691        N/A 
2013   $122,343   $2,110        N/A 
2012   $89,020   $2,629        N/A 
2011   $64,571   $3,012        N/A 
2010   $87,425   $2,455        N/A 
                      

 

 

(1) Total amount of senior securities outstanding at the end of the period presented.
(2) Asset coverage per unit is the ratio of the original cost less accumulated depreciation, amortization or impairment of the Company’s total consolidated assets, less all liabilities and indebtedness not represented by senior securities, to the aggregate amount of senior securities representing indebtedness. Asset coverage per unit is expressed in terms of dollar amounts per $1,000 of indebtedness.
(3) The amount which the holder of such class of senior security would be entitled upon the voluntary liquidation of the applicable issuer in preference to any security junior to it. The “—” in this column indicates that the SEC expressly does not require this information to be disclosed for certain types of securities.
(4)

Not applicable to the Company’s Credit Facilities, the 2019-1 Securitization, and the $189.3 million securitization of secured loans we completed on June 28, 2013, or the 2013-1 Securitization, because such securities are not registered for public trading. 

17

 

BUSINESS

 

Please refer to “Business” in Part I, Item 1 of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and “Legal Proceedings” in Part I, Item 3 of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and Part II, Item 1 of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a description of the Company.

18

 

PORTFOLIO COMPANIES

 

The following table sets forth certain information as of March 31, 2021 for each portfolio company in which we had a debt, equity or other investment. Other than these investments, our only relationships with our portfolio companies involve the managerial assistance we may separately provide to our portfolio companies, such services being ancillary to our investments, and the board observer or participation rights we may receive in connection with our investment. We do not “control” any of our portfolio companies, each as defined in the 1940 Act. In general, under the 1940 Act, we would “control” a portfolio company if we owned more than 25% of its voting securities.

 

            Principal     Cost of   Fair  
Portfolio Company (1)(3)   Sector   Type of Investment (4)(7)(9)(10)   Amount     Investments (6)   Value  
Non-Affiliate Investments —                              
Non-Affiliate Debt Investments —                          
Non-Affiliate Debt Investments — Life Science                          

Castle Creek Pharmaceuticals Holdings, Inc.(2)(12) 

330 N. Wabash 

Chicago, IL 60611 

Biotechnology   Term Loan (9.30% cash (Libor + 7.50%; Floor 9.30%), 5.00% ETP, Due 3/1/24)   $  5,000     $  4,889   $  4,889  
        Term Loan (9.30% cash (Libor + 7.50%; Floor 9.30%), 5.00% ETP, Due 3/1/24)      5,000        4,943      4,943  
        Term Loan (9.30% cash (Libor + 7.50%; Floor 9.30%), 5.00% ETP, Due 3/1/24)      5,000        4,943      4,943  
        Term Loan (9.30% cash (Libor + 7.50%; Floor 9.30%), 5.00% ETP, Due 3/1/24)      5,000        4,943      4,943  

Celsion Corporation (2)(5)(12) 

997 Lenox Drive, Suite 100
Lawrenceville, NJ 08648 

  Biotechnology   Term Loan (9.63% cash (Libor + 7.63%; Floor 9.63%), 5.50% ETP, Due 4/1/23)      2,500        2,479      2,479  
        Term Loan (9.63% cash (Libor + 7.63%; Floor 9.63%), 5.50% ETP, Due 4/1/23)      2,500        2,527      2,483  

Emalex Biosciences, Inc. (2)(12) 

330 N. Wabash, Suite 3500 

Chicago, IL 60611 

  Biotechnology   Term Loan (9.75% cash (Libor + 7.90%; Floor 9.75%), 5.00% ETP, Due 12/1/23)      2,500        2,357      2,357  
        Term Loan (9.75% cash (Libor + 7.90%; Floor 9.75%), 5.00% ETP, Due 12/1/23)      2,500        2,461      2,461  

LogicBio, Inc. (2)(5)(12) 

99 Eerie Street 

Cambridge, MA 02139 

  Biotechnology   Term Loan (8.75% cash (Libor + 6.25%; Floor 8.75%), 4.50% ETP, Due 6/1/24)      5,000        4,979      4,979  

Provivi, Inc. (2)(12) 

1701 Colorado Avenue 

Santa Monica, CA 90404 

  Biotechnology   Term Loan (9.50% cash (Libor + 8.50%; Floor 9.50%), 5.50% ETP, Due 12/1/24)      5,000        4,769      4,769  
        Term Loan (9.50% cash (Libor + 8.50%; Floor 9.50%), 5.50% ETP, Due 12/1/24)      5,000        4,918      4,918  

Bardy Diagnostics, Inc. (2)(12) 

316 Occidental Avenue South 

Seattle, WA 98104 

  Medical Device   Term Loan (8.90% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 8.90%), 5.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      5,000        4,948      4,948  
        Term Loan (8.90% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 8.90%), 5.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      5,000        4,948      4,948  
        Term Loan (8.90% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 8.90%), 5.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      1,000        989      989  
        Term Loan (8.90% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 8.90%), 5.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      1,000        989      989  
        Term Loan (8.90% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 8.90%), 5.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      1,000        989      989  
        Term Loan (8.90% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 8.90%), 5.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      1,000        989      989  
        Term Loan (8.90% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 8.90%), 5.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      1,000        989      989  

Canary Medical Inc. (2)(12) 

2710 Loker Avenue West 

Carlsbad, CA 92010 

  Medical Device   Term Loan (9.00% cash (Prime + 5.75%; Floor 9.00%), 7.00% ETP, Due 11/1/24)      2,500        2,349      2,349  

Ceribell, Inc. (2)(12) 

2483 Old Middlefield Way, Suite 120 

Mount View, CA 94043 

  Medical Device   Term Loan (8.25% cash (Libor + 6.70%; Floor 8.25%), 5.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      5,000        4,882      4,882  
        Term Loan (8.25% cash (Libor + 6.70%; Floor 8.25%), 5.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      5,000        4,946      4,946  

Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. (2)(12) 

10200 73rd Avenue North, Suite 122 

Maple Grove, MN 55369 

  Medical Device   Term Loan (9.25% cash (Libor + 8.00%; Floor 9.25%), 10.36% ETP, Due 7/1/25)      4,936        4,878      4,878  
        Term Loan (9.25% cash (Libor + 8.00%; Floor 9.25%), 10.36% ETP, Due 7/1/25)      4,936        4,878      4,878  

Corinth Medtech, Inc. (2)(12) 

1190 Saratoga Avenue, Suite 210

San Jose, CA 95129

  Medical Device   Term Loan (8.50% cash (Prime + 5.25%; Floor 8.50%), 20.00% ETP, Due 4/1/22)      2,500        2,480      2,480  
        Term Loan (8.50% cash (Prime + 5.25%; Floor 8.50%), 20.00% ETP, Due 4/1/22)      2,500        2,480      2,480  

CSA Medical, Inc. (2)(12)

91 Hartwell Avenue

Lexington, MA 02421

  Medical Device   Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 8.20%; Floor 10.00%), 5.00% ETP, Due 1/1/24)      3,750        3,708      3,708  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 8.20%; Floor 10.00%), 5.00% ETP, Due 1/1/24)      250        247      247  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 8.20%; Floor 10.00%), 5.00% ETP, Due 3/1/24)      4,000        3,959      3,959  

CVRx, Inc. (2)(12)

9201 W. Broadway Ave, #650

Minneapolis, MN 55445

  Medical Device   Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 7.80%; Floor 10.00%), 3.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      5,000        4,951      4,951  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 7.80%; Floor 10.00%), 3.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      5,000        4,951      4,951  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 7.80%; Floor 10.00%), 3.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      5,000        4,951      4,951  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 7.80%; Floor 10.00%), 3.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      5,000        4,951      4,951  

InfoBionic, Inc. (2)(12)

400 Totten Pond Road, Suite 315

Waltham, MA 02451

  Medical Device   Term Loan (9.50% cash (Prime + 6.25%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      3,500        3,331      3,331  

MacuLogix, Inc. (2)(12)

1801 Oberlin Road, Suite 301

Middletown, PA 17057

  Medical Device   Term Loan (10.08% cash (Libor + 7.68%; Floor 10.08%), 5.50% ETP, Due 10/1/23)      7,500        7,429      7,429  
        Term Loan (10.08% cash (Libor + 7.68%; Floor 10.08%), 5.50% ETP, Due 10/1/23)      4,050        4,012      4,012  

19

 

            Principal     Cost of   Fair  
Portfolio Company (1)(3)   Sector   Type of Investment (4)(7)(9)(10)   Amount     Investments (6)   Value  

Magnolia Medical Technologies, Inc. (2)(12)

200 West Mercer Street, Suite 500

Seattle, WA 98119

  Medical Device   Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 5.00%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 3/1/25)      5,000        4,941      4,941  
        Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 5.00%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 3/1/25)      5,000        4,941      4,941  
        Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 5.00%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 3/1/25)      5,000        4,930      4,930  
        Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 5.00%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 3/1/25)      5,000        4,930      4,930  

Sonex Health, Inc. (2)(12)

950 Blue Gentian Rd., Suite 200

Eagan, MN 55121

  Medical Device   Term Loan (9.25% cash (Prime + 6.00%; Floor 9.25%), 5.00% ETP, Due 6/1/24)      2,500        2,382      2,382  
        Term Loan (9.25% cash (Prime + 6.00%; Floor 9.25%), 5.00% ETP, Due 6/1/24)      2,500        2,463      2,463  
        Term Loan (9.25% cash (Prime + 6.00%; Floor 9.25%), 5.00% ETP, Due 6/1/24)      2,500        2,463      2,463  
Total Non-Affiliate Debt Investments — Life Science                  155,482      155,438  
Non-Affiliate Debt Investments — Technology                          

Alula Holdings, Inc. (2)(12)

2340 Energy Park Drive, Suite 100

St. Paul, MN 55108

  Consumer-related Technologies   Term Loan (10.00% cash (Prime + 6.75%; Floor 10.00%), 3.00% ETP, Due 1/1/25)      5,000        4,908      4,908  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Prime + 6.75%; Floor 10.00%), 3.00% ETP, Due 1/1/25)      5,000        4,936      4,936  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Prime + 6.75%; Floor 10.00%), 3.00% ETP, Due 1/1/25)      3,000        2,961      2,961  

Betabrand Corporation (2)(12)

780 Valencia St.

San Francisco, CA 94110

  Consumer-related Technologies   Term Loan (10.05% cash (Libor + 7.50%; Floor 10.05%), 5.75% ETP, Due 9/1/23)      3,825        3,774      3,774  
        Term Loan (10.05% cash (Libor + 7.50%; Floor 10.05%), 5.75% ETP, Due 9/1/23)      3,825        3,780      3,780  
        Term Loan (10.05% cash (Libor + 7.50%; Floor 10.05%), 5.75% ETP, Due 9/1/23)      1,013        987      987  

Clara Foods Co. (2)(12)

1 Tower Place, Suite 800

South San Francisco, CA 94080

  Consumer-related Technologies   Term Loan (9.00% cash (Prime + 5.75%; Floor 9.00%), 5.50% ETP, Due 8/1/25)      2,500        2,442      2,442  
        Term Loan (9.00% cash (Prime + 5.75%; Floor 9.00%), 5.50% ETP, Due 8/1/25)      2,500        2,471      2,471  

Getaround, Inc. (2)(12)

55 Green Street

San Francisco, CA 94111

  Consumer-related Technologies   Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 4.50% ETP, Due 12/1/24)      10,000        9,809      9,809  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 4.50% ETP, Due 12/1/24)      4,000        3,864      3,864  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 4.50% ETP, Due 12/1/24)      4,000        3,864      3,864  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 4.50% ETP, Due 12/1/24)      3,500        3,404      3,404  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 4.50% ETP, Due 12/1/24)      3,500        3,404      3,404  

Primary Kids, Inc. (2)(12)

158 West 27th Street, 6th Floor

New York, NY 10010

  Consumer-related Technologies   Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 3.00% ETP, Due 3/1/25)      3,000        2,933      2,933  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 3.00% ETP, Due 3/1/25)      3,000        2,952      2,952  

Quip NYC Inc.

45 Main Street, Suite 630

Brooklyn, NY 11201

  Consumer-related Technologies   Term Loan (11.25% cash (Prime + 8.00%; Floor 11.25%), 3.00% ETP, Due 4/1/26)      10,000        9,575      9,575  

Updater, Inc. (2)(12)

19 Union Square West, 12th Floor

New York, NY 10001

  Consumer-related Technologies   Term Loan (12.00% cash (Prime + 5.75%; Floor 12.00%, Ceiling 14.00%),0.56% ETP, Due 12/20/24)      5,000        4,951      4,951  
        Term Loan (12.00% cash (Prime + 5.75%; Floor 12.00%, Ceiling 14.00%), 0.56% ETP, Due 12/20/24)      5,000        4,951      4,951  
        Term Loan (12.00% cash (Prime + 5.75%; Floor 12.00%, Ceiling 14.00%), 0.56% ETP, Due 12/20/24)      10,000        9,903      9,903  

Silk, Inc. (2)(12)

75 Second Avenue, Suite 620

Needham, MA 02494

  Data Storage   Term Loan (10.65% cash (Libor + 8.40%; Floor 10.65%), 4.00% ETP, Due 1/1/23)      3,667        3,631      3,631  
        Term Loan (10.65% cash (Libor + 8.40%; Floor 10.65%), 4.00% ETP, Due 1/1/23)      3,667        3,631      3,631  
        Term Loan (10.65% cash (Libor + 8.40%; Floor 10.65%), 4.00% ETP, Due 7/1/23)      4,667        4,564      4,563  

Liqid, Inc.(2)(12)

339 Interlocken Parkway, Suite 200

Broomfield, CO 80021

  Networking   Term Loan (9.50% cash (Prime + 6.25%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      5,000        4,876      4,876  
        Term Loan (9.50% cash (Prime + 6.25%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      5,000        4,903      4,903  
        Term Loan (9.50% cash (Prime + 6.25%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      2,500        2,448      2,448  

20

 

                               
            Principal     Cost of   Fair  
Portfolio Company (1)(3)   Sector   Type of Investment (4)(7)(9)(10)   Amount     Investments (6)   Value  
        Term Loan (9.50% cash (Prime + 6.25%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      2,500        2,448      2,448  

BriteCore Holdings, Inc. (2)(12)

1522 S. Glenstone

Springfield, MO 65808

  Software   Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      2,500        2,476      2,476  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Prime + 7.25%; Floor 10.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      2,500        2,476      2,476  

E La Carte, Inc. (2)(12)

810 Hamilton St.

Redwood City, CA 94063

  Software   Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 6.50%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 10/1/25)      3,000        2,928      2,928  
        Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 6.50%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 10/1/25)      3,000        2,949      2,949  
        Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 6.50%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 10/1/25)      1,500        1,475      1,475  

Keypath Education, LLC (2)(12)

1933 N. Meacham Rd., Suite 400

Schaumbug, IL 60173

  Software   Term Loan (10.50% cash (Libor + 8.50%; Floor 10.50%), 2.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      3,750        3,587      3,587  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Libor + 8.50%; Floor 10.50%), 2.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      3,750        3,690      3,690  
        Term Loan (10.50% cash (Libor + 8.50%; Floor 10.50%), 2.50% ETP, Due 10/1/24)      2,500        2,460      2,460  

OutboundEngine, Inc. (2)(12)

98 San Jacinto Blvd., Suite 1300

Austin, TX 78701

  Software   Term Loan (11.15% cash (Libor + 8.40%; Floor 11.15%), 3.63% ETP, Due 7/1/23)      3,600        3,554      3,554  
        Term Loan (11.15% cash (Libor + 8.40%; Floor 11.15%), 3.63% ETP, Due 7/1/23)      3,150        3,110      3,110  
        Term Loan (11.15% cash (Libor + 8.40%; Floor 11.15%), 3.63% ETP, Due 7/1/23)      450        454      446  

Revinate, Inc. (2)(12)

1 Letterman Drive, Suite CM 100

San Francisco, CA 94129

  Software   Term Loan (9.50% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 11/1/23)      4,000        3,977      3,910  
        Term Loan (9.50% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 11/1/23)      1,000        991      991  
        Term Loan (9.50% cash (Libor + 7.00%; Floor 9.50%), 4.00% ETP, Due 11/1/23)      5,000        4,951      4,951  

Supply Network Visibility Holdings LLC (2)(12)

204 S Union St.

Alexandria, VA 22314

Software   Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 6.50%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 2/1/25)      3,500        3,448      3,448  
        Term Loan (9.75% cash (Prime + 6.50%; Floor 9.75%), 4.00% ETP, Due 2/1/25)      3,500        3,448      3,448  

Topia Mobility, Inc. (2)(12)

30 Maiden Lane, Suite 550

San Francisco, CA 94108

  Software   Term Loan (10.00% cash (Prime + 6.75%; Floor 10.00%), 4.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      5,000        4,834      4,751  
        Term Loan (10.00% cash (Prime + 6.75%; Floor 10.00%), 4.00% ETP, Due 9/1/24)      5,000        4,908      4,820  

xAd, Inc. (2)(12)

One World Trade Center, 60th Floor

New York, NY 10007

  Software   Term Loan (10.00% cash (Libor + 8.70%; Floor 10.00%), 5.0% ETP, Due 1/1/22)      2,708